Physical properties of phenols

Table
Physical properties of phenols
common name systematic name mp (°C)
phenol benzenol   43
o-cresol 2-methylbenzenol   31
m-cresol 3-methylbenzenol   11
p-cresol 4-methylbenzenol   35
pyrocatechol benzene-1,2-diol 105
resorcinol benzene-1,3-diol 111
hydroquinone benzene-1,4-diol 171
n-hexylresorcinol 4-hexylresorcinol   69
methyl salicylate methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate   −9
vanillin 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde  81
eugenol 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol   −9
thymol 5-methyl-2-isopropylphenol  51
picric acid 2,4,6-trinitrophenol 122
o-bromophenol 2-bromophenol    5
p-hydroxybenzoic acid 4-hydroxybenzoic acid 214
/TD>
common name bp (°C) solubility (grams/100 grams water)
phenol 182   9.3
o-cresol 191   2.5
m-cresol 202   2.6
p-cresol 202   2.3
pyrocatechol 245 30
resorcinol 280 52
hydroquinone 286   6.7
n-hexylresorcinol 334   0.05
methyl salicylate 223   0.7
vanillin 285   1.0
eugenol 255
thymol 233   0.1
picric acid   1.4
o-bromophenol 194
p-hydroxybenzoic acid   8
/TD>
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Universalium. 2010.

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