Religious Adherents in the United States of America, 1900-2005 5

Table
Religious Adherents in the United States of America, 1900-2005
 
  Year   Annual Change, 1990-2000
  1900           %   mid-1970       %   mid-1990       %   mid-2000       %   mid-2005       %   Natural Conversion Total Rate (%)
Christians 73,260,000 96.4 191,182,000 91.0 217,623,000 85.4 238,893,000 84.3 248,722,000 84.0 2,429,510 -291,013 2,138,497   0.94
   Affiliated Christians 54,425,000 71.6 153,300,000 73.0 176,030,000 69.1 195,470,000 69.0 203,800,000 68.8 1,977,068 -21,063 1,956,004   1.05
     Roman Catholics 10,775,000 14.2 48,305,000 23.0 56,500,000 22.2 62,970,000 22.2 65,655,000 22.2 635,802 15,356 651,157   1.09
     Protestants 35,000,000 46.1 58,568,000 27.9 60,216,000 23.6 61,003,000 21.5 62,524,000 21.1 645,109 -566,357 78,752   0.13
     Orthodox 400,000 0.5 4,139,000 2.0 5,150,000 2.0 5,638,000 2.0 5,914,000 2.0 57,412 -8,357 49,055   0.91
     Anglicans 1,600,000 2.1 3,196,000 1.5 2,450,000 1.0 2,325,000 0.8 2,299,000 0.8 25,412 -37,882 -12,470 -0.52
     Multiple affiliation 0 0.0 -2,726,000 -1.3 -24,126,000 -9.5 -24,607,000 -8.7 -26,336,000 -8.9 -259,350 211,201 -48,149   0.20
     Independents 5,850,000 7.7 35,691,000 17.0 66,900,000 26.3 77,957,000 27.5 82,423,000 27.8 770,907 345,464 1,116,371   1.54
     Marginal Christians 800,000 1.1 6,126,000 2.9 8,940,000 3.5 10,188,000 3.6 11,286,000 3.8 101,796 24,001 125,798   1.32
     Evangelicals 32,068,000 42.2 33,752,000 16.1 37,349,000 14.7 40,735,000 14.4 41,950,000 14.2 415,551 -75,265 340,287   0.87
     evangelicals 11,000,000 14.5 45,500,000 21.7 87,656,000 34.4 97,750,000 34.5 102,200,000 34.5 986,703 29,222 1,015,925   1.10
   Unaffiliated Christians 18,835,000 24.8 37,882,000 18.0 41,593,000 16.3 43,423,000 15.3 44,922,000 15.2 452,442 -269,020 183,423   0.43
Jews 1,500,000 2.0 6,700,000 3.2 5,535,000 2.2 5,620,000 2.0 5,700,000 1.9 59,365 -50,859 8,507   0.15
Muslims 10,000 0.0 800,000 0.4 3,500,000 1.4 4,200,000 1.5 4,641,000 1.6 40,978 29,859 70,838   1.84
Black Muslims 0 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,250,000 0.5 1,650,000 0.6 1,850,000 0.6 12,700 17,300 30,000   2.29
Buddhists 30,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,880,000 0.7 2,500,000 0.9 2,872,000 1.0 23,310 40,007 63,317   2.89
Hindus 1,000 0.0 100,000 0.1 750,000 0.3 1,050,000 0.4 1,127,000 0.4 9,579 21,218 30,798   3.42
Ethnoreligionists 100,000 0.1 70,000 0.0 780,000 0.3 1,010,000 0.4 1,100,000 0.4 9,526 13,903 23,429   2.62
New-Religionists 10,000 0.0 110,000 0.3 700,000 0.3 850,000 0.3 950,000 0.3 8,249 6,945 15,194   1.96
Baha'is 3,000 0.0 138,000 0.1 600,000 0.2 767,000 0.3 845,000 0.3 7,275 9,717 16,992   2.49
Sikhs 0 0.0 1,000 0.0 160,000 0.1 238,000 0.1 251,000 0.1 2,118 5,943 8,061   4.05
Spiritists 0 0.0 0 0.0 120,000 0.0 141,000 0.0 147,000 0.0 1,389 733 2,122   1.63
Chinese Universists 70,000 0.1 90,000 0.0 76,000 0.0 79,900 0.0 81,000 0.0 830 -439 391   0.50
Shintoists 0 0.0 0 0.0 50,000 0.0 57,200 0.0 59,600 0.0 571 155 726   1.35
Zoroastrians 0 0.0 0 0.0 43,000 0.0 53,600 0.0 58,700 0.0 514 562 1,076   2.23
Taoists 0 0.0 0 0.0 10,000 0.0 11,300 0.0 11,700 0.0 113 18 131   1.23
Jains 0 0.0 0 0.0 5,000 0.0 7,000 0.0 8,000 0.0 64 141 205   3.42
Other religionists 10,000 0.0 450,000 0.2 530,000 0.2 577,000 0.2 602,000 0.2 5,100 -390 4,700   0.85
Nonreligious 1,000,000 1.3 10,070,000 4.8 21,414,000 8.4 25,853,000 9.1 27,500,000 9.3 251,548 197,884 449,432   1.90
Atheists 1,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,000,000 0.4 1,319,000 0.5 1,388,000 0.5 12,341 20,211 32,552   2.81
Total population 75,995,000 100.0 210,111,000 100 254,776,000 100.0 283,230,000 100.0 296,064,000 100.0 2,845,000 0 2,845,000   1.06
 
Methodology. This table extracts and analyzes a microcosm of the world religion table. It depicts the United States, the country with the largest number of adherents to Christianity, the world's largest religion. Statistics at five points in time from 1900 to 2005 are presented. Each religion's Annual Change for 1990-2000 is also analyzed by Natural increase (births minus deaths, plus immigrants minus emigrants) per year and Conversion increase (new converts minus new defectors) per year, which together constitute the Total increase per year. Rate increase is then computed as percentage per year.
Structure. Vertically the table lists 30 major religious categories. The major categories (including nonreligious) in the U.S. are listed with largest (Christians) first. Indented names of groups in the "Adherents" column are subcategories of the groups above them and are also counted in these unindented totals, so they should not be added twice into the column total. Figures in italics draw adherents from all categories of Christians above and so cannot be added together with them. Figures for Christians are built upon detailed head counts by churches, often to the last digit. Totals are then rounded to the nearest 1,000. Because of rounding, the corresponding percentage figures may sometimes not total exactly to 100%.
Christians. All persons who profess publicly to follow Jesus Christ as God and Savior. This category is subdivided into Affiliated Christians (church members) and Unaffiliated (nominal) Christians (professing Christians not affiliated with any church). See also the note on Christians to the world religion table.
Evangelicals/evangelicals. These two designations—italicized and enumerated separately here—cut across all of the six Christian traditions or ecclesiastical blocs listed above and should be considered separately from them. Evangelicals are mainly Protestant churches, agencies, and individuals that call themselves by this term (for example, members of the National Association of Evangelicals); they usually emphasize 5 or more of 7, 9, or 21 fundamental doctrines (salvation by faith, personal acceptance, verbal inspiration of Scripture, depravity of man, Virgin Birth, miracles of Christ, atonement, evangelism, Second Advent, et al.). The evangelicals are Christians of evangelical conviction from all traditions who are committed to the evangel (gospel) and involved in personal witness and mission in the world but who do not belong to specifically Evangelical churches or agencies or give their primary identity as "Evangelical." Alternatively, these are all termed Great Commission Christians.
Jews. Core Jewish population relating to Judaism, excluding Jewish persons professing a different religion.
Other categories. Definitions are as given under the world religion table.
(DAVID B. BARRETT; TODD M. JOHNSON)
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Universalium. 2010.

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