Dravidian cognates from representative languages

Table
Dravidian cognates from representative languages
ety. no. DED1 gloss Tamil Kannada Tulu Telugu Gondi Kui
1 752 'village' b;r b;r b;ru b;ru — —
2 1159a 'eye' ka e47; ka e47; ka e47; e47;ï kan(n)u kan, ka e5b; kanu
3 1479 'leg' kālu kālu kārï kālu kāl kā e0d;u
4 3103 'head' talai tale tarè tala talā tlau
5 1977a 'ear' cevi kiwi kebi cewi kewi —
6 2023 'hand' kai kay, key kai cēyi kai kaju
7 4096 'milk' pāl pāl, hāl pērï pālu pāl pā e0d;u
8a 2674a 'salt' uppu uppu uppu uppu — —
8b 2674b 'salty' uvar ogar ubarï ogaru sovar, hovar, ovar sāru
9 5159 'river,' 'water' yā e5f;u/ā e5f;u — ārï ē e5f;u ēr ēju
10 4111a 'tree' maram, maran mara mara mrānu, mrāku ma e5b;ā, mā e5b;a mrānu
11 183 'mother,' 'woman' ammā am(m)a amma am(m)a ammal ama
12 4149 'child,' 'girl' pi e37; e37;ai pi e37; e37;e pi e37; e37;è pilla pil(l)a —
13 4616 'daughter,' 'woman' maka e37; maga e37; maga e37;ï maguwa miyā e5b; —
14 990d 'one' on e5f;u ondu oñji o e47; e0d;u u e47; e0d; b;,
und b; —
15 480 'two' (n.)
'dual,' 'double' (adj.) ira e47; e6d;u
b;r/ir-u era e0d;u
ir-V ra e0d; e0d;ï
ir- re e47; e0d;u
b;r/iru ra e47; e0d;
ir- r b; e47; e0d;e
r b;-/ri-
16 5052 'three' (n.)
'triple' (adj.) m b;n e5f;u
m b;-/
muC-2 m b; e5f;u
m b;- m b;ji
m b;-/
muC- m b; e47; e0d;u
m b;-/
muC- m b;n e0d;
— m b;nji
m b;-/
mu-
17 5160 'I' (nom.)
'I' (oblique) yān/nān
en(n)- ān/nān
en-/nan- yānu
en-/
ena- ēnu/nēnu
nan-/nā anā/nanā
nā ānu/nānu
18 3684 'thou' (nom.)
'thou' (obl.) n b;
nin- n b;n(u)
ninn- b;
nin- n b;wu
nin-/n b; - nimmā
n b; b;n
n b;
19 1 'he,' 'that'
'man' (nom.) avan avan āye wā e0d;u d;r aanju
20 1957 'to do' cey- key-, gey- gei- cēy-/cey- k b;- ki-
21 4778 'to be,' 'to live'
'house' mannu-
manai —
mane —
manè man-
maniki man- man-
22 5270 'to come' var-, vā- bar-, bā- bar- wacc, rā- wāy-, wa e5b;- vā-
23 3263 'to eat' tin-
(tin- e5f;-) tin-
(tin-d-) tin- tin-
(ti e47; - e6d;-) tind (titt-) tin- (tis-)
24 5516 'to hear,' 'to ask' vin-ā — — win
(wi e47; e6d;-) ven-
(vett-) ven-
(ves-)
25 2426 'to die' cā- (cett-) sāy- (satt-) sai- cacc-, ca-, cā- sāy- (sāt-) sā- (sāt-)
ety. no. DED gloss Parji Kolami Kurukh Brahui Proto-Dravidian3
1 752 'village' — b;r — urā * b;r
2 1159a 'eye' kan kan xann xan *ka e47;
3 1479 'leg' kēl kāl — ʔtrikkal *kāl
4 3103 'head' tel tal — — *tal-ay
5 1977a 'ear' ke-kol kev xeb(dā) — *kew-i
6 2023 'hand' key k b; xekkhā — *kay
7 4096 'milk' pēl pāl — pālh *pāl
8a 2674a 'salt' cup sup — — *cup(p)
8b 2674b 'salty' — — — — *cup+ar [*cuw-ar]
9 5159 'river,' 'water' — — — — *yā e6f;u
10 4111a 'tree' meri māk mann — *mar-am/-an
11 183 'mother,' 'woman' — — — ammā *amm-a
12 4149 'child,' 'girl' ʔ pilla pello pill d;tā *pi e37; e37;-ay
13 4616 'daughter,' 'woman' māl — — — *mak-V-
14 990d 'one' — — d;nd asi e6d; *on- e6f;u
15 480 'two' (n.)
'dual,' 'double' (adj.) ir e0d;u
ir- indi e45;
ir- ē e47; e0d;
ir- ira e6d;
ir- *ir-a- e47; e6d;u
* b;r/*ir-V-
16 5052 'three' (n.)
'triple' (adj.) m b;Dravidian cognates from representative languagesnduk
m b;/muy m b;ndi e45;
muy m b;nd
ʔnu- musi e6d;
musi *muH-n e6f;u
*muH-
17 5160 'I' (nom.)
'I' (oblique) ān
an- ān
an- ēn
e e45;g b;
ʔkan- *yān/*ñān
*yan-/*ñan-
18 3684 'thou' (nom.)
'thou' (obl.) b;n
in- —
in- n b;n
ni e45;g n b;
nē-/n- *n b;n
*nin-/*n b;
19 1 'he,' 'that'
'man' (nom.) d;d/ d; e0d; am/amd ās — aw-an e6f;u
20 1957 'to do' ʔkak- key — kē-, kan- *key
21 4778 'to be,' 'to live,' 'house' man- men- man- mann- *man
22 5270 'to come' ver (veñ-) vā-, var- bar- bar-, ba-,
bann- *waH-,
*waH-r-
23 3263 'to eat' tin- (tin-d-) tin- (tin-d-) tind- — *tin-
(*tin- e6f;-/- e6f; e6f;-)
24 5516 'to hear,' 'to ask' vin- (vint-) ven-
(vend-) men-
(menj-) bin- (bing-) *win- (*win- e6f;-/- e6f; e6f;-)
25 2426 'to die' cay(cañ-) — khēʔe

(kecc-) kah-

(kask-, kas) *caH-/*cāH-
>*cay/*cāy-
1Dravidian Etymological Dictionary.
2C indicates a consonant, V indicates a vowel, and H indicates a laryngeal. Parentheses following verbs contain the past stem, while the symbol > indicates that the preceding item was replaced by the item that follows.
3An asterisk * indicates that a preceding word is unattested but has been deduced from attested derivatives.
See as table:

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Universalium. 2010.

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