Estimated Roma Population of Europe: 1939, 1945, and 1998

Table
Estimated Roma Population of Europe: 1939, 1945, and 1998
Country 1939 1945 1998
Romania 300,000 (. . .)1 2,341,000
Yugoslavia 100,000 (. . .)2
Serbia and Montenegro 444,000
Macedonia 349,000
Croatia 57,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 49,000
Slovenia 12,000
Bulgaria 80,000 (. . .)3 892,000
Spain & Portugal (. . .) (. . .)3 786,000
Czechoslovakia
Slovakia 80,000 (. . .)4 598,000
Czech Republic 10,000 c. 200-300 319,000
U.S.S.R. including 600,000-
Baltic States 207,000 (. . .)5 1,000,0006
Hungary 100,000 (. . .)7 585,000
France 40,000 c. 13,000 310,000
Greece (. . .) (. . .)3 183,000
Germany 18,800 0000008 123,000
Austria 11,200 0000008 23,000
Albania 20,000 (. . .)3 123,000
Italy 25,000 (. . .)3 97,000
British Isles (. . .) (. . .)3 89,000
Poland 20,000 c. 6, 000 77,000
Low Countries 1,200 (. . .)3 50,000
Scandinavia (. . .) (. . .)9 43,0009
Switzerland 4,200 (. . .)3 (. . .)
Total 1,017,400 c. 417,000- 8,150,000-
797,000 8,550,000
(. . . ) - insufficient data
1No outright extermination policy, but tens of thousands met their death through expulsion.
2Unknown number of 30,000 Croatian and Bosnian Roma murdered at Jasenovac concentration camp, Croatia.
3Roma population not deported.
4Hundreds of Roma murdered in pogromlike rampages by fascists.
5Many nomadic Roma murdered by Nazi secret army field police; sedentary Roma treated as citizens of country.
6International Federation for Human Rights, The Roma of Russia (November 2004); estimate is for all countries of the former Soviet Union.
731,000 deported to camps; 3,000 returned from camps.
8Combined total for Germany and Austria in 1945 was c. 7,000.
9Excludes Norway.
Principal sources: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (for 1939 data), Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (for most 1945 data), European Roma Rights Centre (for most 1998 data). Note: 1998 population estimates of the European Roma Rights Centre are higher than most official country census estimates.
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