Znaniecki, Florian

▪ Polish sociologist
born Jan. 15, 1882, Świętniki, Prussia [now in Poland]
died March 23, 1958, Champaign, Ill., U.S.

      Polish-American sociologist whose theoretical and methodological work helped make sociology a distinct academic discipline. He was a pioneer in the field of empirical investigation and was noted as an authority on Polish peasant culture.

      Znaniecki's earliest work was as a poet. After being expelled from the University of Warsaw for his active support of Polish nationalism, he studied at various universities in France and Switzerland and received his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Kraków in 1909. Under the influence of the American sociologist W.I. Thomas, he turned to sociology, joining Thomas at the University of Chicago (1914), where they began their joint work, The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, 5 vol. (1918–20). This work made significant advances in methodology (notably in the use of intensive life histories) as well as in substance (a framework for the sociological view of personality and a study of immigrant social disorganization).

      Znaniecki returned to Poland in 1920 and became professor of sociology at Poznań, where in 1922 he founded a sociological institute. He wrote several books in Polish, including an introduction to sociology and a work on the sociology of education; The Laws of Social Psychology (1925); The Method of Sociology (1934); and Social Actions (1936). A series of lectures delivered at Columbia University was published as The Social Role of the Man of Knowledge (1940). The outbreak of World War II prevented Znaniecki's return to Poland, and he joined the faculty at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, where he wrote Cultural Sciences, Their Origin and Development (1952) and Modern Nationalities (1952).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Znaniecki, Florian — (1882 1959) Born in German occupied Poland, Znaniecki was one of the first Polish professors of sociology, initiating the Polish Institute of Sociology and the Polish Sociological Review. In 1914 he collaborated with William Isaac Thomas on The… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • ZNANIECKI (F. W.) — ZNANIECKI FLORIAN WITOLD (1882 1958) Sociologue polonais, qui s’installa aux États Unis en 1914. Les travaux de Znaniecki, notamment The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1920), ouvrage en cinq volumes rédigé en collaboration avec William… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Florian Znaniecki — TOCrightFlorian Witold Znaniecki (January 15 1882 – March 23 1958) was a philosopher and a sociologist. He taught and wrote in Poland and the United States. He was the 44th President of the American Sociological Association and the founder of… …   Wikipedia

  • Florian Znaniecki — Dieser Artikel wurde auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite des Portals Soziologie eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Artikel aus dem Themengebiet Soziologie auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Hilf mit, die inhaltlichen Mängel dieses… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Znaniecki — Dieser Artikel wurde auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite des Portals Soziologie eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Artikel aus dem Themengebiet Soziologie auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Hilf mit, die inhaltlichen Mängel dieses… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Florian Znaniecki — Florian Witold Znaniecki Naissance 1882 Décès 1958 Nationalité  Pologne Autres activités École sociologique de Chicago …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Znaniecki —   [zna njɛtski, polnisch], Florian Witold, amerikanischer Soziologe polnischer Herkunft, * Świątniki Górne (bei Krakau) 15. 1. 1882, ✝ Champaign (Illinois) 23. 3. 1958; 1920 wurde Znaniecki Professor für Soziologie in Posen, wo er 1921 das… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Znaniecki — /znah nyets kee/, n. Florian /flaw rddee ahn/, 1882 1958, Polish sociologist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Znaniecki — /znah nyets kee/, n. Florian /flaw rddee ahn/, 1882 1958, Polish sociologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • ЗНАНЕЦКИЙ ФЛОРИАН — (Znaniecki, Florian) (1882 1958) американский социолог польского происхождения, наиболее известный конструктивной работой Польский крестьянин в Европе и Америке (1918 1920), которая проложила путь использованию Истории жизни и метода истории… …   Большой толковый социологический словарь

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