Zanardelli, Giuseppe

▪ prime minister of Italy
born Oct. 29, 1826, Brescia, Lombardy, Austrian Empire
died Dec. 26, 1903, Moderno, Italy

      Italian prime minister from 1901 to 1903 and an associate of the early-20th-century liberal leader Giovanni Giolitti; Zanardelli was a champion of parliamentary rights and followed a conciliatory policy toward labour in a time of great unrest.

      A combatant in the volunteer corps during the war of 1848, he returned to Brescia after the defeat of Novara, and for a time earned a livelihood by teaching law, but was molested by the Austrian police and forbidden to teach because of his refusal to contribute pro-Austrian articles to the press. Elected deputy in 1859, he received various administrative appointments, but attained a political office only in 1876 when the Left, of which he had been a prominent and influential member, came into power. For the next 20 years he served in various ministries, in the justice or the interior posts. He served in the Cabinet of the Marchese di Rudini from 1896, but resigned his position in protest when Rudini declared martial law in places where outbreaks of mob rioting occurred in 1898.

      Asked to form a government in 1901 by King Victor Emmanuel III, Zanardelli chose Giolitti as his minister of the interior; although the period was marked by strikes, Zanardelli did ensure proper parliamentary practices, decreased excessive taxes on the poor, and put an end to strikebreaking by the army.

      Extremely anticlerical, Zanardelli was forced to resign (1903) when opposition mounted to his attempts to pass divorce legislation.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Zanardelli — Giuseppe Zanardelli Giuseppe Zanardelli (* 2. Oktober 1826 in Brescia; † 2. Dezember 1903) war ein italienischer Staatsmann und Rechtsberater, sowie vom 15. Februar 1901 bis 29. Januar 1903 Premierminister. Leben Giuseppe Zanardelli kämpfte in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Zanardelli — (* 2. Oktober 1826 in Brescia; † 2. Dezember 1903) war ein italienischer Staatsmann und Rechtsberater, sowie vom 15. Februar 1901 bis 29. Januar 1903 Premierminister. Leben Giuseppe Zanardelli kämpfte in den Abte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zanardelli — Zanardelli, Giuseppe, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 29. Okt. 1829 in Brescia, gest. 26. Dez. 1903 in Maderno, studierte in Pavia die Rechte, nahm 1848–1849 an der Erhebung gegen Österreich teil und flüchtete nach deren Unterdrückung, wurde aber 1851… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zanardelli — Zanardelli, Giuseppe, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 1826 in Brescia, Advokat das., seit 1860 republikanisches Mitglied des Parlaments, 1876 77 Minister der öffentlichen Arbeiten, 1878 des Innern, 1881 83 und wieder 1887 91 Justizminister, 1892 94, 1897 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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