also spelled  Zebid,  

      town, western Yemen. It lies on the bank of the Wadi Zabīd and at the eastern fringe of the Tihāmah coastal plain, about 10 miles (16 km) from the Red Sea coast. An ancient Yemeni centre, Zabīd was refounded in AD 820 by the ʿAbbāsids under Muḥammad ibn Ziyād, emissary of the caliph al-Maʾmūn. From there the Ziyādi dynasty, his successors, ruled over large parts of southwestern Arabia. Upon the conquest of Yemen by the Ayyūbids under Tūrān Shāh, brother of Saladin, in 1173–74, the capital was moved to Taʿizz. The city flourished again under the Ṭāhirid dynasty (late 15th century). It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993.

      A thick wall surrounds Zabīd. Its Great Mosque, once the site of a well-known Shāfiʿī madrasah, is prominent. Zabīd was formerly important as a weaving and dyeing centre (cotton, indigo) and for tanneries and leatherwork. Pop. (1994) 44,239.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zabid — Basisdaten Gouvernement al Hudaida (Gouvernement) Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zabid — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Historic Town of Zabid State Party = YEM Type = Cultural Criteria = ii, iv, vi ID = 611 Region = Arab States Year = 1993 Session = 17th Danger = 2000 Link = ( ar. زبيد)… …   Wikipedia

  • Zabid — Ciudad histórica de Zabid Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zabid — Ville historique de Zabid * Patrimoine mondial …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zabid — Original name in latin Zabd Name in other language Zabid, Zabd, Zebid, zbyd, Забид State code YE Continent/City Asia/Aden longitude 14.1951 latitude 43.31518 altitude 114 Population 52590 Date 2012 01 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Zabid — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Zabīd Country and Admin Code YE.08.1824 YE …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Medina von Zabid — Die Medina von Zabid ist die historische Altstadt von Zabid im Jemen. Sie ist nach dem südlich gelegenen Wadi Zabid benannt. Zabid (arabisch ‏زبيد‎‎, DMG Zabīd) liegt im Zentrum einer landwirtschaftlich genutzten Ebene, der Tihama, etwa 100… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zébid — Zabid Ville historique de Zabid 1 Patrimoine mondial Latitude Longitude …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Najāḥid Dynasty — ▪ Muslim dynasty       Muslim dynasty of Ethiopian Mamlūks (slaves) that ruled Yemen in the period 1022–1158 from its capital at Zabīd. The Ziyādid (Ziyādid Dynasty) kingdom at Zabīd (819–1018) had in its final years been controlled by Mamlūk… …   Universalium

  • Arabia, history of — Introduction       history of the region from prehistoric times to the present.       Some time after the rise of Islam in the first quarter of the 7th century AD and the emergence of the Arabian (Arab) Muslims as the founders of one of the great …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.