Xavante

people
also spelled  Shavante,  

      Brazilian Indian group speaking Xavante, a language of the Macro-Ge language family. The Xavante, who numbered about 10,000 in the early 21st century, live in the southeastern corner of Mato Grosso state, between the Rio das Mortes and the Araguaia River, in a region of upland savannah laced with narrow bands of forest running alongside the rivers. The Xavante and the closely related Xerénte (q.v.) at one time lived along the Tocantins River in Goias state, but pressure from Brazilian settlers in the 1840s caused the Xavante to move to their present home.

      The Xavante successfully defended their new territory against outsiders and lived in relative isolation until the 1930s, when they gained sudden notoriety in the wake of their fierce resistance to the new wave of settlers and government agents who were trying to bring central Brazil into the mainstream of Brazilian culture and economy.

      Traditionally, the Xavante were nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived in temporary horseshoe-shaped villages on the savannah and cultivated corn (maize), beans, and pumpkins on seasonally visited garden plots. They hunted tapir, deer, wild pigs, and birds and gathered roots, nuts, and honey.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xavante — Xavánte (langue)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Xavante (peuple).  Xavánte aʼuwẽ Parlée au Brésil Région Mato Grosso Nombre de locuteurs 10 000 Typologie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xavante —   [ʃa vantə], Shavạnte [ʃ ], Eigenbezeichnung Auwẽ, indianisches Volk der Gê Sprachfamilie in den Savannen des östlichen Mato Grosso, Brasilien. Die etwa 4 600 Xavante leben von Jagd, Sammelwirtschaft und Maisanbau, neuerdings auch von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • xavante — s. 2 g. 1.  [Brasil] Indígena dos Xavantes, designação de várias tribos linguisticamente diferentes de São Paulo, Goiás e Mato Grosso. • adj. 2 g. 2. Relativo a esses indígenas …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Xavante — Infobox Ethnic group group = Xavante population = 9,600 popplace = Brazil languages = Xavante language religions = related = The Xavante (also Shavante, Chavante, Akuen, A uwe, Akwe, Awen, or Akwen) are an indigenous people, comprised of some… …   Wikipedia

  • Xavánte — Cet article concerne la langue xavánte. Pour le peuple xavánte, voir Xavántes. Xavánte aʼuwẽ Parlée au Brésil Région Mato Grosso Nombre de locuteurs environ 10 000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xavante — Xavantes (Marãiwatséde) feiern die Rückgabe ihres Landes Die Xavante (auch Shavante, Chavante, Xavántes, Akuen, A uwe, Akwe, Awen oder Akwen) sind ein in Brasilien ansässiges indigenes Volk. Sie leben im Osten des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xavánte — noun A Ge language of Brazil …   Wiktionary

  • Xavánte — ISO 639 3 Code : xav ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Xavante — Aermacchi jet trainer ground attack aircraft also designated AT 26 …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Xavante — …   Useful english dictionary

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