Xánthi

Greece
also spelled  Xanthē,  

      city and nomós (department) in the Thrace (Thráki) region of eastern Greece. The city, which is situated below the Rhodope massif at the head of the narrow Eskejé (Esketzé) Valley, is the seat of a metropolitan bishop of the Greek Orthodox Church.

      Though the city's origins are obscure, it grew up beneath the Byzantine fortress of Xanthea and later became a summer colony of the Turks known as Eskije. With the arrival of the Thessaloníki-Adrianople railway in the 1890s, it replaced the nearby Turkish tobacco-trading centre of Yenije in importance. After the Balkan Wars (1912–13) the city passed to Bulgaria and then to Greece after World War I. The city of Xánthi is joined by highway to Stavroúpolis, a town on the Néstos River, and Lágos, a port between the Aegean Sea and a coastal lagoon.

      The agricultural plain southeast of the city produces wheat, sunflowers, and high-quality tobacco and is watered by an intermittent stream. Textile and other light industries have been established. The region has a large Turkish-speaking population. Area nomós, 692 square miles (1,793 square km). Pop. (1981) city, 33,897; nomós, 88,777; (1991 prelim.) city, 37,462; nomós, 90,450.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • XANTHI — (Ksanthi, Xanthie, Eskedje), city located in northeastern Greece in the region of Greek Thrace between Drama   and Cuomotini. This town in the past has had the reputation for producing the best tobacco in the world. At the beginning of the 20 th… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Xánthi — / Ξάνθη Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xanthi — Xánthi Xánthi (el) Ξάνθη Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xanthi — (türk. Eskidsche), Stadt im türk. Wilajet Adrianopel, Sandschak Gümüldschina, 95 m ü. M., am Fuße des Kara Oghlu Tepe, 33 km nordnordöstlich von der Mündung des Nestos (Karasu), an der Eisenbahn von Dedeaghatsch nach Saloniki gelegen, mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Xanthi — Xanthi, Eskidsche, Stadt im türk. Wilajet Adrianopel, an der Mündung des Nestos (Karasû) in das Ägäische Meer, 10.000 E.; Tabakhandel; in der Nähe das alte Abdera …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • XANTHI — populi Thraciae, Steph. Horum urbs Xanthia, de qua Nicetas Choniata in Annalibus. Item Asiae populi, qui cum eorum urbs ab harpago Cyri Regis praefecto obsideretur, uxores suas ac servos una cum supellectili in arce posuerunt, eamque igni… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Xanthi — Infobox Greek Dimos name = Xanthi name local = Ξάνθη periph = East Macedonia and Thrace prefec = Xanthi population = 52270 population as of = 2001 area = 153.116 elevation = 80 lat deg = 41 lat min = 8 lon deg = 24 lon min = 53 postal code = 671… …   Wikipedia

  • Xanthi — Gemeinde Xanthi Δήμος Ξάνθης …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xánthi — 41° 08′ 00″ N 24° 53′ 00″ E / 41.133333, 24.88333 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xanthi BC — Infobox Basketball club color1 =white color2 =red name =Xanthi BF Fashion nickname =Queen of Thrace logo = imagesize =150 px leagues =Greek A2 League founded = history = arena =Xanthi Arena (capacity: 3,957) location =Western Thrace, Xanthi,… …   Wikipedia

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