also spelled  Jalapa , in full  Xalapa Enríquez 

      city, capital of Veracruz estado (state), east-central Mexico. About 55 miles (90 km) northwest of Veracruz city, Xalapa is located beneath towering volcanic peaks in the Sierra Madre Oriental, at an elevation of about 4,680 feet (1,425 metres). Known for its scenic backdrop and its lush tropical vegetation, Xalapa is often called the “Flower Garden of Mexico.” It has long been the leading processing centre of Mexico's coffee crop, which is grown on both smallholdings and large estates in the surrounding mountains, and it also processes tobacco and tropical fruits. Manufactures include cigarettes, processed foods, and beverages. Xalapa's service sector depends largely on income from government functions, educational institutions, and retail trade.

      When the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (Cortés, Hernán, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca) marched through Xalapa in 1519, it was a thriving Indian village. It became famous in colonial days for its annual fair, held to trade the goods brought from Cádiz, Spain, by the returning Spanish silver fleet. The massive Spanish-Moorish architecture of the city is reminiscent of the viceregal era. Xalapa is the site of the main campus of Veracruz University (1944). Its anthropological museum (founded 1957) displays Olmec, Totonac, and Huastec artifacts, including giant Olmec head statues. The city is accessible by railroad and highway. Pop. (2000) city, 373,076.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xalapa — de Enríquez Basisdaten umgangssprachlich: Xalapa Kosename: Stadt der Blumen (span: Ciudad de las Flores) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xalapa — (spr. Chalapa), Departement u. Stadt, s. Jalapa …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Xalapa — Xalapa, Stadt in Mexiko und Guatemala, s. Jalapa …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Xalapa — Xalapa, mexik. Stadt, s. Jalapa …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Xalapa — (Ch–) od. Jalapa, Depart. und Stadt in dem mexik. Staate Veracruz, s. d …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Xalapa — 19°31′35″N 96°55′25″O / 19.52639, 96.92361 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xalapa — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Xalapa Country and Admin Code MX.30.087 MX …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • xalapa — xa|la|pa Mot Pla Nom femení …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • Xalapa — /haˈlapa/ (say hah lahpah) noun Spanish name of Jalapa …   Australian English dictionary

  • Xalapa (Veracruz) — Xalapa de Enríquez Basisdaten umgangssprachlich: Xalapa Kosename: Stadt der Blumen (span: Ciudad de las Flores) Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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