in full  World Wide Fund for Nature 
  international organization committed to conservation of the environment. In North America it is called the World Wildlife Fund.

      In 1960 a group of British naturalists—most notably biologist Sir Julian Huxley (Huxley, Sir Julian), artist and conservationist Peter Scott (Scott, Sir Peter Markham), and ornithologists Guy Mountfort and Max Nicholson—led an effort to establish an organization that protected endangered species and their habitats. The following year the World Wildlife Fund was founded; the international name was subsequently changed to World Wide Fund for Nature in 1989, although in the United States and Canada it retained the founding name. The organization's distinctive panda logo was created by Scott. In the face of growing environmental threats over the ensuing years, the WWF's activities expanded in scope. Today its mission statement is threefold: to conserve the world's biological diversity, to ensure that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and to promote the reduction of pollution and of wasteful consumption. The organization has long included both conservationists and businesspeople with the intention of combining solid scientific data with well-managed action. It also seeks cooperation between nongovernmental organizations, local governments, and local populations. The WWF works closely with the World Conservation Union and has formed partnerships with the United Nations, the World Bank, and the European Union.

      The WWF provides money for conservation initiatives around the world. These include programs focused on individual species, forests, and freshwater and marine issues as well as climate change and responsible international trade. The group has also been involved in efforts to provide a safe and sustainable habitat for the world's peoples, both urban and rural, including clean water, clean air, healthful food, and rewarding recreation areas. Among the WWF's notable achievements is its use of debt-for-nature swaps, in which an organization buys some of a country's foreign debt at a discount, converts the money to local currency, and then uses it to finance conservation efforts. The WWF's first successful debt-for-nature swap took place in 1987 in Ecuador.

      At the beginning of the 21st century, the WWF was active in more than 100 countries and had more than five million supporters. The organization's international headquarters are in Gland, Switz., and it has more than 90 offices around the world.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WWF — России/Всемирный фонд дикой природы Работа в России: с 1988 года Статус: 2004, Национальная организация (до 2004 программный офис) Директор: академик Игорь Честин Местонахождение: Офис: Россия, Москва, ул. Николоямская, 19 строение 3 Сайт:… …   Википедия

  • WWF — puede referirse a: World Wide Fund for Nature, organización conservacionista independiente internacional. WWF/Adena, grupo ecologista activo de España. World Wrestling Federation, organización de lucha libre norteamericana. WWF (formato… …   Wikipedia Español

  • WWF — 〈Abk. für engl.〉 World Wide Fund for Nature (weltweite Naturschutzorganisation) * * * WWF [ve:ve: |ɛf], der; [s]: World Wide Fund for Nature. * * * WWF,   Abkürzung für World Wide F …   Universal-Lexikon

  • WWF — may stand for:*World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly named the World Wildlife Fund), an organization for the conservation of the natural environment *World Wrestling Federation (Former name of World Wrestling Entertainment, a sports entertainment… …   Wikipedia

  • WWF — puede referirse a: 1. WWF/Adena, el grupo ecologista en activo más antiguo de España. 2. World Wrestling Entertainment, la organización de lucha libre más grande de Norteamérica. * * * sigla del inglés de World Wildlife Fund español Fondo Mundial …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WWF — sigla ES ingl. World Wildlife Fund, fondo mondiale per la vita naturale, fondazione per la salvaguardia della natura …   Dizionario italiano

  • WWF — 〈Abk. für engl.〉 World Wide Fund for Nature (weltweite Naturschutzorganisation) …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • WWF — WWF, the the abbreviation of the World Wide Fund for Nature …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • WWF — WWF, der; [s] = World Wide Fund for Nature <englisch> (eine Naturschutzorganisation) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • WWF — ► ABBREVIATION 1) World Wide Fund for Nature. 2) World Wrestling Federation …   English terms dictionary

  • WWF — World Wide Fund For Nature Gründung 1961 Sitz Gland, Schweiz Personen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.