Worcester, Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of

▪ English Royalist
also called  (1628–44) Lord Herbert Of Raglan,  also called  Earl Of Glamorgan 
born 1601
died April 3, 1667, Lambeth?, near London, Eng.

      prominent Royalist during the English Civil Wars.

      His father, Henry Somerset, 5th Earl of Worcester, advanced large sums of money to Charles I at the outbreak of the wars and was created Marquess of Worcester in 1643. In the following year, Edward was created Earl of Glamorgan, though by somewhat irregular patents, and on the death of his father in 1646 succeeded to the marquessate of Worcester.

      Somerset became very prominent in 1644 and 1645 in connection with Charles's scheme for obtaining military help from Ireland and abroad, and in 1645 he signed at Kilkenny, on behalf of Charles, a treaty with the Irish Roman Catholics; but the king was obliged by the opposition of Ormonde and the Irish loyalists to repudiate his action. Under the Commonwealth he was formally banished from England and his estates were seized. At the Restoration his estates were restored, and he claimed the dukedom of Somerset promised to him by Charles I, but he did not obtain this, nor was his earldom of Glamorgan recognized.

      Worcester was greatly interested in mechanical experiments, and he claimed to have invented a rudimentary steam engine.

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Universalium. 2010.

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