Witoto

people
also spelled  Huitoto,  
 South American Indians of southeastern Colombia and northern Peru, belonging to an isolated language group. There were more than 31 Witotoan tribes in an aboriginal population of several thousand. Exploitation, disease, and assimilation had reduced the Witoto to fewer than 1,000 individuals at the latest estimate. The greatest decline occurred during their exploitation as rubber gatherers at the turn of the 20th century. The most important surviving groups were the Witoto proper, the Bora (Miranna), the Ocaina, and the Orejone, now living along the Putumayo, Apaporis, and Caquetá rivers.

      Witoto culture is typical of the tropical forest: they are good farmers and food gatherers as well as proficient hunters and fishermen. The typical settlement consists of a single large round or rectangular hut sheltering many families. They use large, hollow signal drums. Traditionally, women go naked, while men wear only a breechclout; both sexes paint colourful designs on their bodies (sometimes from shoulders to ankles).

      Warfare was common among the Witoto, who kept young prisoners but ate older captives. Cannibalism was limited to male participation and was part of a magico-religious celebration. Shamans conjured spirits and healed diseases. Child betrothal and bride service were present. The Witoto household, consisting of the head, his sons, their wives, and unmarried children, was the basic political unit.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WITOTO — WI Indiens de l’Amérique du Sud, les Witoto parlent une langue qui présente certains rapports avec la langue ocaina. Au début du XXe siècle, l’exploitation du caoutchouc provoqua un grand bouleversement chez les Witoto, perturbant leur mode de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • witoto — wi·to·to …   English syllables

  • witoto — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Witoto minica — Witoto mɨnɨca Parlée en  Colombie  Perou !Pérou Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Witoto murui — Parlée en  Colombie  Perou !Pérou Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Witoto nipode — Witoto nɨpode Parlée en  Colombie  Perou !Pérou Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Witoto-Sprachen — Die Witoto Sprachen (auch: Bora Witoto Sprachen; benannt nach der Einzelsprache Witoto/Huitoto; engl. Witotoan) sind eine indigene südamerikanische Sprachfamilie, die aus sechs Einzelsprachen mit relativ wenigen Sprechern besteht. Gliederung In… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lenguas bora-witoto — Distribución geográfica: Amazonia peruana y colombiana Países:  Perú …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bora–Witoto languages — Bora–Witóto Witotoan Geographic distribution: northwestern Amazon Linguistic classification: Bora–Witóto Subdivisions: ? Andoke Boran Witotoan …   Wikipedia

  • Bora-Witoto languages — Infobox Language family name=Bora Witóto altname=Witotoan region=northwestern Amazon familycolor=American family=Bora Witóto child1= Andoke child2=Boran child3=WitotoanBora Witóto (also Bora Huitoto, Bora Uitoto, or, ambiguously, Witotoan) is a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.