Willaert, Adriaan

▪ Belgian composer
born c. 1490, Bruges, Flanders?
died Dec. 8, 1562, Venice

      Flemish composer who contributed significantly to the development of the Italian madrigal, and who established Venice as one of the most influential musical centres of the 16th century.

      Willaert studied law at the University of Paris but abandoned this in favour of music, studying with the composer Jean Mouton. In 1527 he became music director of St. Mark's, Venice, where he created a school that attracted musicians from all over Europe. His students included de Rore, Zarlino, and Andrea Gabrieli.

      Willaert's madrigals show a gradual synthesis of the contrapuntal style of the Franco-Netherlandish school and the growing Italian emphasis on harmonic colour and expressiveness. His chansons reflect a similar development. As a composer of sacred music he is known primarily for his motets (motet). Probably inspired by the two opposing choir lofts at St. Mark's, he developed a style of polyphony in which two four-part choirs sing alternately, but occasionally combine in an eight-part section. This led directly to the polychoral writing that characterized Venetian music in the second half of the 16th century. Willaert was also one of the earliest composers to write purely instrumental works: canzoni, ricercari, and fantasies for organ and for instrumental ensembles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Adriaan Willaert — Adrian Willaert Adriaan Willaert Adriaan Willaert, probablement né à Bruges vers 1490 et mort à Venise le 7 décembre 1562, est un compositeur flamand de la Renaissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Adriaan Willaert — Adrian Willaert Adrian Willaert (* um 1490; † 7. Dezember 1562 in Venedig) war ein flämischer Komponist und der Begründer der venezianischen Schule. Sein Geburtsort ist unklar, entweder stammt er aus Brügge oder Roeselare. Willaert lernte in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • choral music — ▪ vocal music Introduction       music sung by a choir with two or more voices assigned to each part. Choral music is necessarily polyphonal i.e., consisting of two or more autonomous vocal (vocal music) lines. It has a long history in European… …   Universalium

  • madrigal — madrigalesque, adj. madrigalian /mad reuh gal ee euhn, gal yeuhn, gay lee euhn/, adj. /mad ri geuhl/, n. 1. a secular part song without instrumental accompaniment, usually for four to six voices, making abundant use of contrapuntal imitation,… …   Universalium

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