White, Gilbert

▪ English naturalist and clergyman
born July 18, 1720, Selborne, Hampshire, Eng.
died June 26, 1793, Selborne

      English naturalist and clergyman, author of The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne (1789), the first work on natural history to attain the status of an English classic.

      White was educated at Oriel College, Oxford (1740–43), and, although he remained a fellow there until his death, he spent most of his life in Selborne. In 1751, soon after he was ordained, White began a journal in which he noted observations made in his garden. This account was eventually published as a Calendar of Flora and the Garden (1765), followed by the more sophisticated Naturalist's Journal, begun in 1768. Publication of The Natural History, a composite of 110 of White's letters on the subject to his friends, concluded 20 years of intense effort. It was immediately met with the acclaim of major naturalists, who were impressed by White's methodical approach and keen sense of observation.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • White, Gilbert — (1720 1793)    The son of a barrister, he was born at the parsonage of Selborne, Hampshire, where his grandfather was vicar. His education was at the grammar school at Basingstoke, then kept by Thomas Warton, the elder (see entry). He graduated B …   British and Irish poets

  • WHITE, GILBERT —    English naturalist, born in the village of Selborne, Hants; educated at Oriel College, Oxford, in which he obtained a Fellowship, which he retained all his life; became curate of Selborne, and passed an uneventful life studying the habits of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • White, Gilbert — (1720 1793)    Naturalist, b. at Selborne, Hants, and ed. along with the Wartons (q.v.) at their father s school at Basingstoke, and thereafter at Oxf., entered the Church, and after holding various curacies settled, in 1755, at Selborne. He… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Gilbert White — [Gilbert White] (1720–93) an English ↑naturalist (= a person who studies animals, birds, plants, etc.). He spent most of his life working as an assistant to a ↑Church of England priest in Selborne, a village ne …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gilbert White — Pour les articles homonymes, voir White. Gilbert White (18 juillet 1720, Selborne dans le Hampshire 26 juin 1793 Selborne), est un naturaliste et un ornithologue britannique qui peut être considéré comme un pionnier de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gilbert F. White — Gilbert Fowler White (November 26, 1911 in Chicago – October 5, 2006 in Boulder, Colorado) was a prominent American geographer, sometimes termed the father of floodplain management and the leading environmental geographer of the 20th century… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilbert White — (18 de julio de 1720 26 de junio de 1793) fue un pionero en los campos del estudio de la naturaleza y la ornitología. White nació en Selborne en Hampshire. Fue educado por un tutor privado en Basingstoke antes de ir al Oriel College, Oxford.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gilbert & George — Gilbert George (Gilbert Prousch, *19. September 1943 in St. Martin in Thurn, Italien und George Passmore, *8. Januar 1942 in Plymouth, Großbritannien) sind ein im Londoner East End ansässiges Künstlerpaar. Gilbert George arbeiten fast… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gilbert and George — Gilbert George (Gilbert Prousch, *19. September 1943 in St. Martin in Thurn, Italien und George Passmore, *8. Januar 1942 in Plymouth, Großbritannien) sind ein im Londoner East End ansässiges Künstlerpaar. Gilbert George arbeiten fast… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gilbert und George — Gilbert George (Gilbert Prousch, *19. September 1943 in St. Martin in Thurn, Italien und George Passmore, *8. Januar 1942 in Plymouth, Großbritannien) sind ein im Londoner East End ansässiges Künstlerpaar. Gilbert George arbeiten fast… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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