Wen Ti

▪ Chinese deity
also called  Wen Ch'ang , or  Wen Ch'ang Ti-Chün , Pinyin  Wen Di,  Wen Chang , or  Wen Chang Dijun 

      the Chinese god of literature, whose chief heavenly task, assigned by the Jade Emperor (Yü Huang), is to keep a log of men of letters so that he can mete out rewards and punishments to each according to his merit. He also maintains a register of the titles and honours each writer has received.

      Among numerous legends about Wen Ti, he is said to have had 17 reincarnations, during the ninth of which he appeared on earth as Chang Ya. Some say he lived during T'ang dynasty times (AD 618–907), others say during the 3rd or 4th century or even earlier. In any case, his brilliant writing led to his canonization during the T'ang dynasty and to his appointment as lord of literature in the 13th century. Because Chang is said to have lived at Tzu-t'ung in Szechwan province, persons of that region worship him under the title Tzu-t'ung Shen (Spirit of Tzu-t'ung).

      In representations, Wen Ti usually sits, wears a mandarin robe, and holds a sceptre. He is flanked by a male and a female servant, one called T'ien-Lung (Heavenly Deaf One), the other Ti Ya (Earthly Mute). The names suggest that Wen Ti must turn a deaf ear to those who inquire about the secrets of literature, for such a topic necessarily leaves one speechless.

      Wen Ti also has two assistants, K'uei Hsing, the god of examinations, with whom he is sometimes confused, and Chu I, whose name signifies Red Coat.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • wen — wen …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • wen? — wen? …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Wen — steht für: Weiden in der Oberpfalz, als Kfz Kennzeichen Wen steht für: eine historische chinesische Währungseinheit in der Qing Dynastie den Kreis Wen (温县) in der chinesischen Provinz Henan, siehe Wen (Jiaozuo) den Kreis Wen (文县) in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WEN — steht für: Weiden in der Oberpfalz, als Kfz Kennzeichen Wen steht für: den lateinische Buchstaben Wen (Ƿƿ) eine historische chinesische Währungseinheit in der Qing Dynastie den Kreis Wen (温县) der bezirksfreien Stadt Jiaozuo in der chinesischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • wen — wen·chow; wen·lock; wen·lock·i·an; wen·nel; wen·ny; wen·ro; wen·tle·trap; wen·zel; wen; wen·roh·ro·non; …   English syllables

  • Wén — WEN Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Wen peut faire référence à : Wen, une série de bande dessinée de Jacques Stoquart et Éric ; le xian de Wen, une subdivision administrative… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wen — [ve:n] <Interrogativpronomen, Relativpronomen und Indefinitpronomen; Akk. von »1 3↑ wer«>. * * * wen I 〈Interrogativpron; Akk. von wer〉 wen hast du getroffen?; an wen schreibst du?; für wen machst du das? II 〈Relativpron.; Akk. von wer〉 ich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wen-Do — Wen do, developed by Ned and Anne Paige a married couple of Toronto, OntarioFact|date=March 2007 is a form of self defense for women. Dr. Paige, an Optometrist, dedicated himself to creating a program to teach women to protect themselves after… …   Wikipedia

  • Wen'an — (文安县) ist ein Kreis der bezirksfreien Stadt Langfang in der chinesischen Provinz Hebei. Er hat eine Fläche von 980 km² und zählt 460.000 Einwohner. Sein Hauptort ist die Großgemeinde Wen an (文安镇). Administrative Gliederung Auf Gemeindeebene setzt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wen — (w[e^]n), n. [AS. wenn; akin to D. wen, LG. wenne.] (Med.) An indolent, encysted tumor of the skin; especially, a sebaceous cyst. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wen — O.E. wenn a wen, wart, a W.Gmc. word (Cf. M.L.G. wene, Du. wen, dial. Ger. Wenne) of uncertain origin …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.