Wells, Horace

▪ American dentist
born , Jan. 21, 1815, Hartford, Vt., U.S.
died Jan. 24, 1848, New York, N.Y.
 American dentist, a pioneer in the use of surgical anesthesia.

      While practicing in Hartford, Conn., in 1844, Wells noted the pain-killing properties of nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”) during a laughing-gas road show and thereafter used it in performing painless dental operations. He was allowed to demonstrate the method at the Massachusetts General Hospital in January 1845, but when the patient proved unresponsive to the gas, Wells was exposed to ridicule.

      After William Morton, a dental surgeon and Wells's former partner, successfully demonstrated ether anesthesia in October 1846, Wells began extensive self-experimentation with nitrous oxide, ether, chloroform, and other chemicals to ascertain their comparative anesthetic properties. His personality radically altered by frequent inhalation of chemical vapours, he was jailed in New York City for throwing acid at passersby. There, in a jail cell, he took his own life while the Paris Medical Society was publicly acclaiming him the discoverer of anesthetic gases.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wells, Horace — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 1815 Connecticut, USA d. 1848 Hartford, Connecticut, USA [br] American dentist, pioneer of dental extraction under nitrous oxide gas (laughing gas) anaesthesia. [br] Practising in Hartford, Connecticut, he …   Biographical history of technology

  • Wells, Horace — ► (1815 48) Odontólogo estadounidense. Inició la aplicación de la anestesia general mediante inhalación de protóxido de nitrógeno (1844) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Horace Wells — Dr. Horace Wells Nacimiento 21 de enero de 1815 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wells — Wells, Herbert George Wells, Horace * * * (as used in expressions) Julia Elizabeth Wells Beadle, George Wells Brown, William Wells Llandrindod Wells Wells Fargo & Co. Wells, H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells, Ida B(ell) Ida Bell Wells Barnett …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Horace Wells — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wells. Horace Wells …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Horace Wells — (January 21, 1815 – January 24, 1848) was an American dentist who pioneered the use of anaesthesia in dentistry, specifically nitrous oxide (or laughing gas).LifeBorn in Vermont, Wells was educated in Walpole, New Hampshire before studying… …   Wikipedia

  • Horace — bezeichnet: Horace (Corneille), Theaterstück von Pierre Corneille Horace (George Sand), Roman von George Sand (1842) Danny Horace (* 1983), US amerikanischer Basketballspieler Horace (Kansas), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten Horace (North Dakota) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horace Augustus Hildreth — (* 2. Dezember 1902 in Gardiner, Maine; † 2. Juni 1988) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1945 bis 1949 Gouverneur von Maine. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Gouverneur von Maine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horace Hildreth — Horace Augustus Hildreth (* 2. Dezember 1902 in Gardiner, Maine; † 2. Juni 1988) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1945 bis 1949 Gouverneur von Maine. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Gouverneur von Maine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wells (Begriffsklärung) — Wells ist der Name folgender Orte in England Wells in Kanada: Wells (British Columbia) in den USA: Wells (Maine) Wells (Mississippi) Wells (Minnesota) Wells (Nevada) Wells (New York) Wells (Texas) Wells (Vermont) Wells Township (Michigan) Wells… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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