Watkins, Carleton E.
▪ American photographerin full Carleton Emmons Watkins or Carleton Eugene Watkinsborn Nov. 11, 1829, Oneonta, N.Y., U.S.died June 23, 1916, Imola, Calif.American photographer best known for his artistic documentation of the landscape of the American West. He also produced images of industrial sites in that region. (For further information regarding his name, see the Researcher's Note.)In 1851, at age 22, Watkins left his birthplace in rural upstate New York for California, traveling with Collis P. Huntington (Huntington, Collis P.), who became famous later as a financier and railroad magnate. Two years later, Watkins found work in Robert H. Vance's photographic portrait gallery in San Jose, where he became proficient in making daguerreotypes. After the introduction of the wet collodion process—which reduced exposure time, created a sharper image, and was considerably cheaper—California photographers, Watkins among them, recognized its value for capturing the spectacular landscape of the region.By the early 1860s, Watkins's reputation as a field photographer was firmly established. His images were large and clear, and he seemed able almost always to select the spot which, in his words, “would give the best view.” His association with members of the California intellectual and artistic elite, among them John C. and Jesse Frémont, Thomas Starr King, William Keith, and Josiah Dwight Whitney helped transform him from a competent craftsman into a photographer of great artistry. His first significant landscape project involved making large-format (21 × 18 inch [roughly 53 × 46 cm]) images of Yosemite Valley (Yosemite National Park). These photographs were influential in President Lincoln's decision to name Yosemite a national preserve and ultimately in persuading the United States Congress to pass legislation preserving the valley from commercial development. Because of these photographs Mount Watkins in Yosemite was named in his honour (1865). Many of them were used to illustrate Whitney's The Yosemite Book (1868).Besides photographing landscapes in and around San Francisco from 1867 through the 1880s, Watkins traveled extensively. He photographed the Columbia River region and Mount Shasta in the Pacific Northwest, parts of southern California and Arizona, Nevada's Comstock mines, and Yellowstone National Park. His work was exhibited extensively and won medals in expositions throughout the United States and Europe. Following the loss of his entire studio in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire, Watkins became ill and destitute, and in 1910 he was committed to a hospital for the insane.
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Carleton Watkins — Carleton E. Watkins (November 11, 1829 – June 23, 1916) was a noted 19th century California photographer.Carleton Eugene Watkins was born in Oneonta, upstate New York. He went to San Francisco during the gold rush, arriving in 1851. He traveled… … Wikipedia
Carleton Watkins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Watkins. Carleton E. Watkins (11 novembre 1829 23 juin 1916) était un photographe américain. Il est né à Oneonta, dans l État de New York. Il partit pour San Francisco en 1851. Il voyagea à travers la Californie… … Wikipédia en Français
Watkins (surname) — Watkins is an English and Welsh surname derived as a patronymic from Watkin, in turn a diminutive of the name Watt (also Wat), a popular Middle English given name itself derived as a pet form of the name Walter. It may refer to: *Aaron S. Watkins … Wikipedia
Carleton Hunt — (* 1. Januar 1836 in New Orleans, Louisiana; † 14. August 1921 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1883 und 1885 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Louisiana im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Carleton Hunt war ein Neffe von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Watkins — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Watkins peut faire référence à : Patronyme Watkins est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Carleton Watkins (1829 1916), photographe… … Wikipédia en Français
George Fiske — (October 22, 1835 – October 21, 1918) was an American landscape photographer.Fiske was born in Amherst, New Hampshire and moved west with his brother to San Francisco. He apprenticed with Charles L. Weed and worked with Carleton E. Watkins, both… … Wikipedia
photography, history of — Introduction method of recording the image of an object through the action of light, or related radiation, on a light sensitive material. The word, derived from the Greek photos (“light”) and graphein (“to draw”), was first used in the… … Universalium
Adams, Ansel — born Feb. 20, 1902, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died April 22, 1984, Carmel, Calif. U.S. photographer. In 1927 he published Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras, photographs that imitated Impressionist painting by suppressing detail in favour of… … Universalium
Anna Kingsford — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kingsford. Dr. Anna Kingsford Anna Kingsford (née Annie Bonus, le 16 septembre 1846 à Maryland Point, dans le quartier de Stratford, à Lond … Wikipédia en Français
I. W. Taber — Isaiah West Taber (August 17 1830–February 22 1912cite web | url=http://www.caviews.com/Taber.html | title=I. W. Taber, California photographer (1830 ndash;1912) | publisher=California Views | first=Pat | last=Hathaway | date=April 1 2007 |… … Wikipedia