Wallace, Henry A.

▪ vice president of United States
in full  Henry Agard Wallace 
born Oct. 7, 1888, Adair county, Iowa, U.S.
died Nov. 18, 1965, Danbury, Conn.
 33rd vice president of the United States (1941–45) in the Democratic administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.), who epitomized the “common man” philosophy of the New Deal Democratic Party. He shaped the administration's controversial farm policy throughout the 1930s but broke with the party in 1946 on foreign relations.

      Wallace was the son of Henry Cantwell Wallace, secretary of agriculture under Warren G. Harding (Harding, Warren G.), and May Brodhead. After graduating from Iowa State College in 1910, Wallace worked for Wallace's Farmer, a magazine founded by his father and grandfather, becoming its editor in 1921. An agricultural expert, his experiments with higher-yielding corn strains resulted in major advances in plant genetics, which he later developed into a highly profitable hybrid-corn business.

      Although his family had consistently supported the Republican Party, Wallace broke with the party in 1928 over its highly protectionist tariff policies. Later he joined the Democratic Party, and his extensive familiarity with farming, combined with his success in delivering “conservative Iowa” to the “radical New Deal” in the 1932 national elections, made him a natural choice for secretary of agriculture (1933–40) during Roosevelt's first two terms. As agriculture secretary he formulated and administered New Deal legislation (especially the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933) designed to raise and stabilize farm prices, conserve soil, store reserves, and control production.

      As vice president during Roosevelt's third term (1941–45), Wallace became the president's goodwill ambassador to Latin America and traveled in Siberia and China. When the United States entered World War II, he assumed many additional emergency duties, especially in national economic affairs.

      Party conservatives—especially Southerners—opposed Wallace's renomination to the vice presidency in 1944, and he was replaced on the ticket by Senator Harry S. Truman (Truman, Harry S.). Wallace served as secretary of commerce for the next two years, but his growing public dissatisfaction with the Truman administration's hard-line Cold War policy toward the Soviet Union led to his dismissal from the cabinet in 1946. He became editor of the liberal weekly The New Republic (New Republic, The) (1946–47) and then left to help form the new left-wing Progressive Party. In his 1948 campaign as the Progressive's presidential nominee, in which he received more than one million votes, Wallace advocated closer cooperation with the Soviet Union, United Nations administration of foreign aid, and arms reduction. Later he broke with the Progressives and returned to private life.

      Wallace was a prolific writer whose works included America Must Choose (1934), The Century of the Common Man (1943), Sixty Million Jobs (1945)—in which he called for governmental action to supplement private enterprise—and The Long Look Ahead (1960).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wallace,Henry Agard — Wallace, Henry Agard. 1888 1965. Vice President of the United States (1941 1945) under Franklin D. Roosevelt. He ran for President in 1948 on the Progressive Party ticket. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wallace, Henry Agard — (1888 1965)    Henry A. Wallace was born in Iowa, the son of Henry C. Wallace, the secretary of agriculture in the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge during the 1920s. Like his father, he was interested in farming, and he… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Wallace, Henry A(gard) — (7 oct. 1888, cond. de Adair, Iowa, EE.UU.–18 nov. 1965, Danbury, Conn.). Político estadounidense. Perito agrícola, sucedió a su padre como director de Wallace s Farmer (1924–33). En 1932 ayudó a Franklin D. Roosevelt a ganar en Iowa en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wallace, Henry A(gard) — born Oct. 7, 1888, Adair county, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 18, 1965, Danbury, Conn. U.S. politician. An agricultural expert, he succeeded his father as editor of Wallace s Farmer (1924–33). In 1932 he helped Franklin D. Roosevelt win Iowa. As U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Wallace, Henry Agard — ► (1888 1965) Político estadounidense. Fue vicepresidente de E.U.A. en 1941 45 con Roosevelt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Coulter, Wallace Henry — ▪ 1999       American scientist and entrepreneur who redefined the field of hematology and cellular biology with his numerous inventions, the most significant of which was the Coulter Principle, a method of counting and measuring microscopic… …   Universalium

  • Thurman, Wallace Henry — ▪ American writer born Aug. 16, 1902, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. died Dec. 22, 1934, New York, N.Y.       African American editor, critic, novelist, and playwright associated with the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.       Thurman studied at the… …   Universalium

  • Henry Agard Wallace — (* 7. Oktober 1888 auf einer Farm in der Nähe von Orient, Adair County, Iowa, USA; † 18. November 1965 in Danbury, Connecticut, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zunächst Mitglied der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry A. Wallace — Henry Agard Wallace 33º vicepresidente de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry A. Wallace — Henry Agard Wallace (* 7. Oktober 1888 bei Orient, Adair County, Iowa; † 18. November 1965 in Danbury, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zunächst Mitglied der Republikanischen Partei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.