Wāḥāt al-Khārijah, Al-

also spelled  Kharga, or El-Kharga,  

      oasis in the Libyan (Western) Desert, part of Al-Wādī al-Jadīd (Wādī al-Jadīd, Al-) (“New Valley”) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), in south-central Egypt. It is situated about 110 miles (180 km) west-southwest of Najʿ Ḥammādī, to which it is linked by railroad. The name Wāḥāt al-Khārijah means “outer oasis.” The oasis consists of two fertile zones, extending about 100 miles (160 km) north-south and from 12 to 50 miles (19 to 80 km) east-west, with an area of more than 1,400 square miles (3,650 square km). The smaller southern section contains the village of Bārīs. The northern part is the largest of Egyptian oases. At the centre of its approximately 10-square-mile (26-square-kilometre) area lies Al-Khārijah, the chief town, with narrow, winding streets, in places cut through solid rock.

      Al-Khārijah has been occupied since the Old Stone Age. The ancient Egyptians, who called the oasis Kenem, or Hibis, often used it as a place of exile. The Achaemenian king Darius I (d. 486 BC) built there a temple dedicated to Amon that was excavated in 1908–11. The largely ruined Roman town in the oasis is situated between the temple of Nadura, built by Antoninus Pius (d. AD 161), and a Christian necropolis.

      In modern times the oasis's permanent population has been mainly of Berber and Bedouin origin. Some settlers from the Nile River valley have been established there as a result of a deep-well-drilling program in the 1960s, which has had mixed results. Efforts have been made to create an adequate irrigation system, and dates, wheat, olives, clover, and fruits and vegetables are grown. Pop. (1996) Al-Khārijah town, 49,461.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Markaz al Wahat al Kharijah — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Markaz al Wāḩāt al Khārijah Country and Admin Code EG.13.360478 EG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • sand dune — Hill, mound, or ridge of windblown sand or other loose material such as clay particles. Dunes are commonly associated with desert regions and seacoasts, and there are large areas of dunes in nonglacial parts of Antarctica. * * * Introduction  any …   Universalium

  • Caton-Thompson, Gertrude — ▪ British archaeologist born , Feb. 1, 1889, London, Eng. died April 18, 1985, Broadway, Hereford and Worcester       English archaeologist who distinguished two prehistoric cultures in the Al Fayyūm depression of Upper Egypt, the older dating to …   Universalium

  • Cambyses II — ▪ king of Persia flourished 6th century BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 529–522 BC), who conquered Egypt in 525; he was the eldest son of King Cyrus II the Great by Cassandane, daughter of a fellow Achaemenid. During his father s… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.