Viner, Jacob

▪ American economist
born May 3, 1892, Montreal
died Sept. 12, 1970, Princeton, N.J., U.S.

      Canadian-born American economist who made major contributions to the theory of cost and production, international economics, and the history of economics.

      Viner graduated from McGill University (1914) and then immigrated to the United States, obtaining his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1922. He was a professor at the University of Chicago (1925–46)—with which his name is particularly associated—and Princeton University (1946–60), where he was emeritus after 1960. Early in his career he became associated with the economist Frank Taussig (Taussig, Frank William), who greatly influenced Viner's theories on international trade.

      These theories are embodied in three works in particular: Canada's Balance of International Indebtedness (1924), a study of balance of payments adjustment; Studies in the Theory of International Trade (1937), a major work in the history of economic thought; and The Customs Union Issue (1950), containing the now-familiar trade-creation/trade-diversion distinction. These works are regarded as classics in their field. Viner's work on international trade covered the entire field from pure theory to policy. He was one of the greatest writers in economic history, combining erudition and critical acuteness to an extraordinary degree. But he was a highly competent theorist over a much wider field than international economics, and in The Long View and the Short (1931) he made what many regard as a fundamental contribution to the theory of costs by clarifying the relationship between long- and short-run costs. This work presented his now-famous envelope cost curve.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • VINER, JACOB — (1892–1970), U.S. economist. Born in Montreal, Canada, Viner began teaching at the University of Chicago in 1916 and returned there after federal government service in World War I. In 1925 he reached the rank of professor. From 1946 to 1960 he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Viner — Jacob Viner (* 3. Mai 1892 in Montreal, Kanada; † 12. September 1970) war ein kanadisch US amerikanischer Ökonom. Leben Seine Eltern waren Rumänen. Später wurde er US amerikanischer Staatsbürger. Er promovierte 1922 an der Harvard University… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Viner — (May 3, 1892 September 12, 1970) is best known for his enduring economic modelling of the , including the long and short run cost curves used by economists to this day. Viner is further known for having added the terms trade creation and trade… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Viner — (né à Montréal en 1892– décédé en 1970) était un économiste canadien, naturalisé américain. Il a apporté des contributions majeures en économie internationale, en histoire de la pensée économique, et sur la Théorie de la firme. Il a surtout… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacob Viner — (Mayo 3, 1892 Septiembre 12, 1970), economista fundador de la Escuela de Chicago de origen rumano, nació en Montreal. Su tesis doctoral fue dirigida por Frank Taussig, economista de comercio internacional. Ejerció de profesor universitario y fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacob Viner — (* 3. Mai 1892 in Montreal, Kanada; † 12. September 1970) war ein kanadisch US amerikanischer Ökonom. Leben Seine Eltern waren Rumänen. Später wurde er US amerikanischer Staatsbürger. Er promovierte 1922 an der Harvard University unter Frank… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob (Vorname) — Jacob ist ein männlicher Vorname. Zur Etymologie des Namens siehe Jakob. Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ricardo-Viner Modell — Das Ricardo Viner Modell, auch Modell spezifischer Faktoren (Specific Factors Model) wurde von Jacob Viner (1892 1970) auf der Grundlage handelstheoretischer Überlegungen David Ricardos (1722 1823) entwickelt. Inhalt Beim Ricardo Viner Modell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ricardo-viner — Das Ricardo Viner Modell, auch Modell spezifischer Faktoren (Specific Factors Model) wurde von Jacob Viner (1892 1970) auf der Grundlage handelstheoretischer Überlegungen David Ricardos (1722 1823) entwickelt. Inhalt Beim Ricardo Viner Modell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ricardo-Viner-Modell — Das Ricardo Viner Modell, auch Modell spezifischer Faktoren (Specific Factors Model) wurde von Jacob Viner (1892–1970) auf der Grundlage handelstheoretischer Überlegungen David Ricardos (1772–1823) entwickelt. Inhalt Beim Ricardo Viner Modell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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