Vincent gingivitis

also called  Vincent infection,  Vincent stomatitis,  acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis,  Vincent angina,  or  trench mouth 

      acute and painful infection of the tooth margins and gums that is caused by the symbiotic microorganisms Bacillus fusiformis and Borrelia vincentii. The chief symptoms are painful, swollen, bleeding gums; small, painful ulcers covering the gums and tooth margins; and characteristic fetid breath. The ulcers may spread to the throat and tonsils. Fever and malaise may also be present. Vincent gingivitis can occur after a prolonged failure to brush one's teeth, though there are many other predisposing factors, such as vitamin deficiencies, emotional stress, and so on. The infection is readily treated by bed rest, the administration of penicillin or other antibiotics, and the use of antiseptic mouth rinses. Regular tooth brushing is the chief preventive measure.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vincent gingivitis — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vincent angina — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Gingivitis, Vincent — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vincent stomatitis — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vincent infection — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • gingivitis — /jin jeuh vuy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the gums. [1870 75; < NL; see GINGIVA, ITIS] * * *       inflammation of the gums (gingivae). Symptoms include tender, sometimes swollen, gums that bleed easily. Areas of tissue destruction… …   Universalium

  • Vincent's organisms — n pl a bacterium of the genus Fusobacterium (F. nucleatum syn. F. fusiforme) and a spirochete of the genus Treponema (T. vincentii syn. Borrelia vincentii) that are part of the normal oral flora and undergo a great increase in numbers in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vincent's infection — n acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis …   Medical dictionary

  • Gingivitis, fusospirillary — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Gingivitis, fusospirochetal — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

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