Vandenberg, Arthur H.
- ▪ United States senatorin full Arthur Hendrick Vandenbergborn March 22, 1884, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S.died April 18, 1951, Grand RapidsU.S. Republican senator who was largely responsible for bipartisan congressional support of international cooperation and of President Harry S. Truman's anticommunist foreign policy after World War II.Editor of the Grand Rapids Herald from 1906, Vandenberg became active in Republican politics and was appointed U.S. senator in 1928—a post he retained through election until his death. While supporting conservative policies in the domestic field, he grew interested chiefly in foreign relations. During the 1930s, he was a spokesman for isolationist sentiment and a bitter critic of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (Dec. 7, 1941), however, he began to revise his picture of world relations and by the war's end had come around to the view that the United States should participate actively in an effective international organization. He expressed this opinion in a notable Senate speech (January 1945) and thus provided valuable Republican support for the United Nations. In the same year, Roosevelt appointed him a delegate to the United Nations Conference on International Organization that met in San Francisco.As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (1946–48), Vandenberg marshaled congressional support for the Truman Doctrine of aid to Greece and Turkey (1947), the Marshall Plan of aid to Europe (1948), and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949), all of which sought to prevent the spread of communism in Europe. Furthermore, in the spring of 1948 he helped defeat a Republican-sponsored measure to inhibit the Reciprocal Trade Agreements program, substituting instead a provision for independent action on the part of the Tariff Commission.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Vandenberg, Arthur — 1884–1951 A Republican Senator from Michigan and eminent internationalist, Vandenberg was a United States delegate to the San Francisco Conference of April to June 1945 at which the United Nations Charter was signed. Although he was a… … Who’s Who in World War Two
Vandenberg, Arthur Hendrick — (1884 1951) Arthur H. Vandenberg was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and after a year at the University of Michigan Law School in 1901, he became a reporter for the Grand Rapids Herald. In 1906, he became editor and continued in that role… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Vandenberg, Arthur H(endrick) — born March 22, 1884, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died April 18, 1951, Grand Rapids U.S. politician. Editor of the Grand Rapids Herald (1906–28), he was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate (1928–51). He was a critic of Pres. Franklin D.… … Universalium
Vandenberg, Arthur H(endrick) — (22 mar. 1884, Grand Rapids, Mich., EE.UU.–18 abr. 1951, Grand Rapids). Político estadounidense. Director del Grand Rapids Herald (1906–28), fue elegido senador por el partido republicano (1928–51). Criticó la política exterior del pdte. Franklin … Enciclopedia Universal
Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s … Universalium
Arthur — (as used in expressions) Adamov, Arthur Arthur, Chester A(lan) Arthur, paso Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Bell, (Arthur) Clive (Heward) Bliss, Sir Arthur (Edward Drummond)… … Enciclopedia Universal
Arthur Vandenberg — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg (22 de marzo de 1884 18 de abril de 1951) fue un senador republicano de Míchigan, Estados Unidos, que participó en la creación de las Naciones Unidas … Wikipedia Español
Vandenberg — is a Dutch and Flemish surname, literally meaning from the mountain , from the hill . It may refer to: * Adrian Vandenberg, a Dutch guitarist who has worked with Whitesnake * Arthur Vandenberg, a United States Senator * Don VandenBerg, a Canadian … Wikipedia
Arthur H. Vandenberg — Infobox Officeholder name = Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg imagesize = 150px small caption = order = United States Senator from Michigan term start = March 31, 1928 term end = April 18, 1951 vicepresident = viceprimeminister = deputy = president =… … Wikipedia
Vandenberg resolution — The Vandenberg resolution (USBill|80|S.Res.|239) was passed on June 1948. It was proposed by, and named for, Sen. Arthur Vandenberg.Negotiations over the nature and degree of the U.S. commitment to the defense of its North Atlantic allies were… … Wikipedia