▪ Hindu sect
      school of Hinduism prominent among the merchant class of North and West India; its members are worshipers of Lord Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) and followers of the puṣṭimārga (“way of prosperity, or well-being”), founded by the 16th-century teacher Vallabha.

      The worship of the sect centres around the adventures of the youthful Krishna, whose amorous play with the gopīs (wives and daughters of the cowherds) of Vṛndāvana are described in the 10th book of the Sanskrit classic, the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa. Daily worship consists of elaborate service to the daily activities god. Special festivals are celebrated according to the seasons of the year, events of Krishna's life, and anniversaries of the sect's founders, Vallabha and his son Viṭṭhala. Participation in the highest form of bhakti (devotion) is attainable only through divine grace (puṣṭi); personal efforts such as good deeds or religious observances are not essential.

      The Vallabhācārya sect is renowned for the degree of devotion paid its gurus (spiritual leaders), who are considered earthly embodiments of the divine. Vallabha was succeeded as leader of the sect by his son Viṭṭhala (also known as Gosāinjī), and he in turn by his seven sons, each of whom established his own separate temple. The descendants of the seven sons of Viṭṭhala are the present leaders of the sect and are addressed by the title Mahārāja or Mahārāja Gosāinjī.

      The main temple of the sect is at Nāthdwārā (Rājasthān), in Gujarāt state, which has installed in it a distinctive image of Krishna called Śrī-Nāthajī, which, according to the tradition of the sect, revealed itself to Vallabha when he was visiting Govardhana Hill, a scene of one of the god's exploits.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hinduism — /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… …   Universalium

  • Vallabha — ▪ Hindu philosopher also called Vallabhācārya born 1479, Benares, Jaunpur, India died 1531, Benares       Hindu philosopher and founder of the important devotional sect the Vallabhācāryas, also known as the puṣṭimārga (“the way of prosperity, or… …   Universalium

  • Vallabha — (1473–1531)    Vedanta philosopher    Vallabha was one of the great exponents of devo tional VEDANTA. He was born in 1473 to a Telegu BRAHMIN, Lakshmana Bhatta, and his wife, Yel lamma Garu, a member of an influential South Indian family. Her… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • List of Hindu gurus and saints — These are some of the most noteworthy Gurus and Saints of Hinduism (in alphabetical order):*A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (male) [citation| first = Satsvarupa| last =Dasa Goswami| authorlink = Gurupada| title =Srila Prabhupada Lilamrta Vol… …   Wikipedia

  • Krishnaism — Krishnaism, is a term that is often used to describe a number of Hindu religious traditions, that are among the Hindu denominations centered on devotion to Radha Krishna or other forms of Krishna, or Vishnu in a sentiment of Krishna. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Radha Krishna — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Radha (right) Krishna (left), surrounded by gopis, in Mayapur Chandradoya Mandir, 2005 Name = Radha Krishna Sanskrit Transliteration = IAST| rādhā kṛṣṇa Devanagari = राधा कृष्ण Kannada = Pali Transliteration = Tamil… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Hindu scriptures — The following is a bibliography of Hindu scriptures and texts. Hinduism is based on the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times. [ Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda Vol III. 118 120; Vol. I. 6 7 …   Wikipedia

  • Svayam Bhagavan — This article is about a Hindu philosophical concept: the original or absolute manifestation of God. For other meanings, see Krishna (disambiguation) and Bhagavan (disambiguation). Svayam Bhagavan (IAST IAST|svayam bhagavān ), The Lord or Lord… …   Wikipedia

  • Madhurastakam — The Madhurastakam ( sa. मधुराष्टकम्, IAST|madhurāṣṭakam ) is a beautiful Sanskrit composition in devotion of Lord Krishna, composed by the Hindu Bhakti philosopher poet Sripad Vallabha Acharya. Sripad Vallabhacharya flourished under the patronage …   Wikipedia

  • Vishnu — For other uses, see Vishnu (disambiguation). Vishnu Devanagari विष्णु Sanskrit Transliteration …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.