▪ Hindu sect
(Tamil),Sanskrit  Uttara-kalārya,  

      one of two Hindu subsects of the Śrīvaiṣṇava, the other being the Teṉkalai. Though the two groups use both Sanskrit and Tamil scriptures, the Vaḍakalai relies more on Sanskrit texts, such as the Vedas (earliest sacred scriptures of India), the Upaniṣads (early religiophilosophic texts), and the religious poem the Bhagavadgītā. Their main point of disagreement, however, is on the question of God's grace. The Vaḍakalai contend that some effort is required on the part of the devotee who seeks deliverance, and they use as an example the baby monkey, which, when carried, holds fast to its mother. Its theory is thus called markaṭa-nyāya (the analogy of the monkey). The performance of religious duties is also expected. The two groups also hold different views about Vishnu's consort, Śrī (Lakṣmī). The Vaḍakalai believe that she is indistinguishable from the Lord and can grant the grace necessary for spiritual liberation.

      The Vaḍakalai are referred to as the northern school (as opposed to the southern school, the Teṉkalai) because their main centre is in Mysore. Their most important teacher was Vedāntadeśika, also known as Veṅkaṭanātha, who lived sometime during the late 14th century. See also Teṉkalai. (Teṉkalai)

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vadakalai — is one of the two Iyengar subsects. Iyengars are a sect of Brahmins that predominantly worship Lord Vishnu, one of the three leading deities of the Hindu religion. Brahmins originated as the priestly class in ancient India and, to a large extent …   Wikipedia

  • Iyengar — ethnic group group=Iyengar poptime=about 600,000 (0.7% of Tamil populationFact|date=October 2007 popplace=Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi, USA rels=Vishishtadvaita Hinduism langs= Tamil, Kannada, Telugu related=Madhva,… …   Wikipedia

  • Thenkalai — Iyengars form a subsect of Hinduism. They worship Lord Vishnu and consider Him to be the Supreme deity. Iyengars in turn contain two more Subsects.Thenkalai is one of the two sub sect of Iyengars. The other being Vadakalai. (Therkku in the Tamil… …   Wikipedia

  • Śrīvaiṣṇava — ▪ Hindu sect       member of a sect of Hindus, most numerous in South India, who pay allegiance to Lord Vishnu and follow the teachings of the philosopher Rāmānuja. “Śrī” refers to Vishnu s consort, also called Lakṣmī, to whom Vishnu first taught …   Universalium

  • Teṉkalai — ▪ Hindu sect       one of two Hindu subsects of the Śrīvaiṣṇava, the other being the Vaḍakalai. Though the two sects use both Sanskrit and Tamil scriptures and centre their worship on Vishnu, the Teṉkalai places greater reliance on the Tamil… …   Universalium

  • Srivaishnava Urdhva Pundra — Urdhva Pundra (Thiruman+Srichurnam) is the tilaka used by followers of Sri Vaishnava. The figure drawn is representative of the feet of Narayana with Lakshmi in the middle. SrichurNam is the yellow/red line in the middle of the white… …   Wikipedia

  • Vedanta Desika — (1269 – 1370) is considered the second greatest Sri Vaishnava writer. He was a great poet, devotee, philosopher and master teacher. Ramanuja s death in 1137 A.D. was followed by a sectarian split among the Sri Vaishnava sampradaya. By the end of… …   Wikipedia

  • Brahmin communities — in India are traditionally divided into two regional groups: Pancha Gauda Brahmins and Pancha Dravida Brahmins according to the following shloka found in the Rajatarangini of Kalhana (12th century): : sa. कर्णाटकाश्च तैलंगा द्राविडा महाराष्ट्रकाः …   Wikipedia

  • Manavala Mamuni — Hindu Srivaishnava southern sect traditionwami Manavala Mamuni the most venerated saintSrirangam in southern India is a celebrated pilgrimage centre. It is the only dhivyakshetram sung by all ten azhwars and Andal. It is called Bhuloka Vaikunta.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramanuja — /rah mah noo jeuh/, n. 1017 1134, Indian leader of the Shri Vaishnavite sect. * * * born с 1017, Shriperumbudur, India died 1137, Shrirangam Indian theologian and philosopher, the most influential thinker of devotional Hinduism. After a long… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.