Vaccinium

▪ plant genus
      genus of about 450 species of shrubs, in the heath family (Ericaceae), found widely throughout the Northern Hemisphere and extending south along tropical mountain ranges, especially in Malesia. The shrubs are erect or creeping, with alternate, deciduous or evergreen leaves. The small flowers resemble those of the true heaths (Erica), but the ovary is beneath the flower. The flowers are single, clustered, or in long spikes in the leaf axil. The berries are usually edible.

      More than 40 species of Vaccinium shrubs occur in North America, especially in the northern and mountainous parts. The highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum) and other species of blueberries are found in the eastern United States and adjacent Canada. The cowberry (V. vitis-idaea), also known as red whortleberry, or mountain cranberry, grows in northern Canada. Several species occur in the Rocky Mountains region. More than 10 species are found in the Pacific states, including the western blueberry (V. occidentale), the red bilberry (V. parvifolium), and the California blueberry (V. ovatum).

      Four species occur in Great Britain: the bilberry (V. myrtillus), also called blaeberry, or whortleberry; the bog bilberry (V. uliginosum); the small-fruited cranberry (V. oxycoccus); and the cowberry (V. vitis-idaea). All are widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. See also bilberry; blueberry; cranberry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VACCINIUM — apud Plin. l. 16. c. 18. Vaccinia Italiae mancipiis sata; Galliae vero etiam purpurae tingendae, ad servitiorum vestes; et Vitruvium, l. 7. c. 14. Eâdem ratione vaccinium temperantes, et lac miscentes, purpuram faciunt elegantem: hyacinthus flos… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Vaccinium — Vac*cin i*um, n. [L., the blueberry, or whortleberry.] (Bot.) A genus of ericaceous shrubs including the various kinds of blueberries and the true cranberries. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vaccinĭum — (V. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Ericaceae Vaccinieae, 8. Kl. 1. Ordn. L., mit vier bis fünfspaltigem Kelchsaume, eine krugförmige od. kugeligglockige vier bis fünfspaltige Blumenkrone, 8 od. 10 Staubgefäße, mit meist nach hinten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vaccinĭum — L. (Heidelbeere), Gattung der Erikazeen, meist niedrige Halbsträucher oder Sträucher von sehr verschiedenem Habitus, mit wechselständigen, kurzgestielten, leder oder hautartigen, ganzen, meist wintergrünen Blättern, achsel oder endständigen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vaccinium — Vaccinĭum L., Pflanzengattg. der Vakziniazeen, niedrige, meist immergrüne Sträucher. Die blauschwarzen Beeren von V. myrtillus L. (Heidel , Schwarz , Blau , Bickbeere, Beesinge), sowie die roten von V. vitis idaea L. (Preißel , Stein oder… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vaccinium —   [v ; lateinisch »Hyazinthe«], die Pflanzengattung Heidelbeere.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vaccinium — Airelle  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Airelle, un langage de programmation.  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vaccinium — Taxobox name = Vaccinium image caption = Vaccinium berries, from top right: Cranberries, lingonberries, blueberries, red huckleberries regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Ericales familia = Ericaceae genus =… …   Wikipedia

  • Vaccinium — Heidelbeeren Amerikanische Heidelbeere (Vaccinium corymbosum) Systematik Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vaccinium — ? Вакциниум Vaccinium uliginosum typus Голубика обыкновенная …   Википедия

  • Vaccinium — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor pri …   Wikipedia Español

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