Urartian language

also called  Chaldean  or  Vannic 

      ancient language spoken in northeastern Anatolia and used as the official language of Urartu in the 9th–6th centuries BCE. Urartu centred on the district of Lake Van (Van, Lake) but also extended over the Transcaucasian regions of modern Russia and into northwestern Iran and at times even into parts of northern Syria. Non-Indo-European in origin, it is thought to be descended from the same parent language as the older Hurrian language.

      Surviving texts of the language are written in a variant of the cuneiform script called Neo-Assyrian. They consist mostly of monumental inscriptions (annals and votive inscriptions related to building and irrigation activities), some small inscriptions on helmets and shields dedicated in the temple, and a few economic records. There also existed a poorly attested indigenous hieroglyphic script; it is so meagrely represented that few efforts have been made toward its translation.

      Two bilingual inscriptions in Assyrian and Urartian led to the deciphering of Urartian. In 1933 Johannes Friedrich published the first reliable description of the language in his Urartian grammar.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Urartian language — Infobox Language name=Urartian region=Urartu, Armenian Highland extinct=c. 6th century BCE familycolor=Isolate fam1=Hurro Urartian iso2=mis iso3=xurUrartian (also called Vannic, in older literature also Chaldean ) is the conventional name for the …   Wikipedia

  • Urartian — /oo rahr tee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Urartu, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Urartu. 3. the non Semitic, non Indo European language of Urartu, written in a cuneiform syllabic script. [URART(U) + IAN] * *… …   Universalium

  • Urartian — U•rar•ti•an [[t]ʊˈrɑr ti ən[/t]] n. 1) peo anh a native or inhabitant of Urartu 2) peo the extinct language of the Urartians, written in a cuneiform syllabary 3) peo anh of or pertaining to Urartu, its people, or their language …   From formal English to slang

  • Urartian — /oo rahr tee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Urartu, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Urartu. 3. the non Semitic, non Indo European language of Urartu, written in a cuneiform syllabic script. [URART(U) + IAN] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Urartian — 1. adjective /ʊˈrɑːtɪən/ Relating to the ancient kingdom of Urartu in the Armenian Highland in eastern Anatolia. 2. noun /ʊˈrɑːtɪən/ a) An inhabitant of Urartu. b) The extinct language spoken by the inhabitants of …   Wiktionary

  • Urartian — ISO 639 3 Code : xur ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Ancient …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Hurrian language — Hurrian Spoken in Mitanni Region Mesopotamia Extinct …   Wikipedia

  • Hurrian language —       extinct language spoken from the last centuries of the 3rd millennium BCE until at least the latter years of the Hittite empire (c. 1400–c. 1190 BCE); it is neither an Indo European language (Indo European languages) nor a Semitic language… …   Universalium

  • Hurro-Urartian languages — Infobox Language family name=Hurro Urartian altname=Hurrartian, Asianic region=Anatolia familycolor=Caucasian fam1=Alarodian ? child1= Hurrian child2= Urartian The Hurro Urartian languages are an extinct language family of the Ancient Near East,… …   Wikipedia

  • Proto-Armenian language — The earliest testimony of the Armenian language dates to the 5th century AD (the Bible translation of Mesrob Mashtots). The earlier history of the language is unclear and the subject of much speculation.It is clear that Armenian is an Indo… …   Wikipedia

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