Tzara, Tristan

▪ French author
original name  Samuel Rosenstock 
born 1896, Moineşti, Rom.
died December 1963, Paris

      Romanian-born French poet and essayist known mainly as the founder of Dada, a nihilistic revolutionary movement in the arts, the purpose of which was the demolition of all the values of modern civilization.

      The Dadaist movement originated in Zürich during World War I, with the participation of the artists Jean Arp, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp. Tzara wrote the first Dada texts—La Première Aventure céleste de Monsieur Antipyrine (1916; “The First Heavenly Adventure of Mr. Antipyrine”) and Vingtcinq poèmes (1918; “Twenty-Five Poems”)—and the movement's manifestos, Sept Manifestes Dada (1924; “Seven Dada Manifestos”). In Paris he engaged in tumultuous activities with André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Louis Aragon to shock the public and to disintegrate the structures of language. In about 1930, weary of nihilism and destruction, he joined his friends in the more constructive activities of Surrealism. He devoted much time to the reconciliation of Surrealism and Marxism and joined the Communist Party in 1936 and the French Resistance movement during World War II. These political commitments brought him closer to his fellowmen, and he gradually matured into a lyrical poet. His poems revealed the anguish of his soul, caught between revolt and wonderment at the daily tragedy of the human condition. His mature works started with L'Homme approximatif (1931; “The Approximate Man”) and continued with Parler seul (1950; “Speaking Alone”) and La Face intérieure (1953; “The Inner Face”). In these, the anarchically scrambled words of Dada were replaced with a difficult but humanized language.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TZARA, TRISTAN — (originally Sami Rosenstein; 1896–1963), Romanian and French poet. Born in Moinesti, Romania, Tzara was one of several Jews who enjoyed literary repute both in their native country and in their adopted land, France. His earliest poems in Romanian …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tzara, Tristan — (1896 1963)    writer    of Romanian origin, Tristan Tzara (the pen name of Samy Rosenstock) was born in Moinesti, Romania. Resolutely opposed to all literary and artistic pretension, he identified with poetic revolt and social revolution, and… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Tzara, Tristan — (1896 1963)    French poet. Born in Moinesti, Romania, his works include Vingt cinq, Cinema, Calendriers du coeur abstrait, Oil boivent les hups, L antitete, Le coeur a gaz, La fuite, La face interieure and Parler seul. He was a founder of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Tzara, Tristan — ► (1896 1963) Poeta francés, nacido en Rumania. Se unió al grupo de intelectuales y artistas que iniciaron el movimiento dadaísta en 1916 y ese mismo año publicó La première aventure céleste de M. Antipyrine, donde se plasman los postulados del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tzara, Tristan — pseud. di Rosentock, Samuel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Tzara — Tzara, Tristan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tristan Tzara — par Tihanyi Tristan Tzara, de son vrai nom Samuel Rosenstock, né le 16 avril 1896 à Moinești, Roumanie et mort le 25 décembre 1963 à Paris, est un écrivain, poète et essayiste de langue roumaine et française et l un des fondateurs du m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tzara — Tristan Tzara Tristan Tzara par Tihanyi Tristan Tzara, de son vrai nom Samuel Rosenstock, né le 16 avril 1896 à Moineşti, Roumanie et mort le 25 décembre 1963 à Paris, était un écrivain, poète et essayiste de langue roumaine et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tristan Tzara — en 1928 Nombre completo Samuel Rosenstock …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tristan Corbiere — Tristan Corbière Tristan Corbière Édouard Joachim Corbière, dit Tristan Corbière, né le 18 juillet 1845 au manoir de Coat Congar à Morlaix (Finistère) et mort le 1er mars 1875 à Morlaix, est un poète français …   Wikipédia en Français

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