Totila

▪ Ostrogoth king
original name  Baduila  
died 552

      Ostrogoth king who recovered most of central and southern Italy, which had been conquered by the Eastern Roman Empire in 540.

      A relative of Theudis, king of the Visigoths, Totila was chosen king by Gothic chiefs in the autumn of 541 after King Witigis had been carried off prisoner to Constantinople. Totila proved himself both as a general and as a political leader, winning the support of the lower classes by freeing slaves and distributing land to the peasants. By 543, fighting on land and sea, he had retaken the bulk of the lost territory. Rome held out, and Totila appealed fruitlessly to the Senate there in a letter reminding them of the loyalty of the Romans to his predecessor, Theodoric. In the spring of 544 the Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I sent his general Belisarius to Italy to counterattack; but Totila, at the head of an army of Goths and Italians, captured Rome in 546 after a yearlong siege. When Totila left to fight the Byzantines in Lucania, south of Naples, Belisarius retook Rome and rebuilt its fortifications.

      Shortly after Belisarius was recalled in 549, Totila recaptured Rome, going on to complete the reconquest of Italy and Sicily. By the end of 550 the Goths had occupied all but Ravenna and a few coastal towns. The following year Justinian sent his general Narses to Italy in a march around the Adriatic to approach Ravenna from the north. In the Battle of Taginae (Taginae, Battle of), a decisive engagement during the summer of 552, in the Apennines near present-day Fabriano, the Gothic army was defeated, and Totila was mortally wounded.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Totila — (died Jul 1 552) was king of the Ostrogoths from 541 until his death. He waged the Gothic War against the Byzantine Empire for the mastery of Italy. Most of the historical evidence for Totila consists of chronicles by the Byzantine historian… …   Wikipedia

  • Totila — Totila, auch bekannt unter dem Namen Baduila,[1] († nach 30. Juni 552 bei Taginae, Umbrien) war von 542 bis 552 König der Ostgoten. Er fiel 552 in der Schlacht von Busta Gallorum. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Herkunft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Totila — ou Baduila (l « Immortel ») (né à Trévise mort en 552 à Taginae, (auj. Gualdo Tadino), près d Urbino, Ombrie) est un roi ostrogoth d Italie de 541 à 552[1] . Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Totila — destruyendo las murallas de Florencia. Totila, conocido también con el nombre de Baduila, nació en Treviso, y fue rey de los ostrogodos de 542 a 552, tras la muerte de su tío Hildibaldo y el asesinato de Erarico. Murió en la batalla de Busta …   Wikipedia Español

  • TOTILA — (mort en 552) roi des Ostrogoths (541 552) Depuis 535, Justinien a entrepris de reconquérir l’Italie ostrogothique. En 540, il a repris la capitale, Ravenne. Mais les Ostrogoths résistent et élisent en 541 un jeune prince, Badvila ou Totila. Dès… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Totila — Totila,   eigentlich wohl Baduila [»der Streiter«, »der Kämpfer«], Badua, König (seit 541) der Ostgoten in Italien, ✝ Caprae (heute Caprara, Gemeinde Gualdo Tadino, Provinz Perugia) Ende Juni/Anfang Juli 552; nahm 542 550 den Byzantinern Rom und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Totĭla — (besser: Badvila), König der Ostgoten, Neffe des Königs Ildiba(l)d, ward nach dessen Ermordung 541 auf den Thron erhoben, eroberte bis 543 das von Belisar den Goten entrissene Italien wieder, 546 nach hartnäckiger Belagerung auch Rom, gab es 547… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Totila — Totĭla, König der Ostgoten 542 552, fiel 552 bei Taginä gegen Narses …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Totila — Totila, König der Ostgothen in Italien 541–552 n. Chr., vertheidigte sich mit Heldenmuth gegen die Angriffe der Byzantiner unter Belisar u. Narses, mußte aber bei der Schwäche seines Volks, der Abneigung der Italiener und den Hilfsquellen des… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Totila — (d. 552)    Eventual successor of Witigis as king of the Ostrogoths in Italy and the greatest Gothic military commander since Theodoric the Great, Totila (r. 541 552) led his people for eleven years and mounted a major challenge to Justinian s… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

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