Torfaen

      county borough, historic county of Monmouthshire, southeastern Wales. Torfaen is centred on the urbanized and industrialized valley of the Afon Lywd (formerly called the River Torfaen), and it encompasses the surrounding wooded hills and moorlands.

       Pontypool was an early metalworking centre, with iron smelting dating back to 1577, and immigrants from Pontypool reputedly built the first forge in the United States in 1652. Pontypool became in 1720 the first town in Britain to produce tinplate. Many workers from the town were involved in the Chartist (Chartism) Riots (demonstrations for parliamentary reform) in Newport, Wales, in 1839.

       Cwmbrân, located south of Pontypool, began as a small industrial town, but after World War II it became a focus of governmental development as one of the 32 “new towns” established in the United Kingdom to relieve congestion and decay in the older industrial areas.

      Most of Torfaen's traditional industries have ceased to operate. New industries include the manufacture of automobile components, food processing, nylon production, and electronics. Area 49 square miles (126 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) 90,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Torfaen — Ubicación de Torfaen en Gales. Torfaen es una autoridad unitaria en el sur de Gales. Es asimismo un condado, que limita al sur con la ciudad de Newport, el condado de Monmouthshire al oriente, con Caerphilly al occidente y Blaenau Gwent al… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Torfaen — geographical name administrative area of SE Wales area 49 square miles (126 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Torfaen (disambiguation) — Torfaen may refer to:* Torfaen county borough, in South Wales * Torfaen (UK Parliament constituency) * Torfaen (National Assembly for Wales constituency) …   Wikipedia

  • Torfaen County Borough Council — is the governing body for Torfaen, one of the Principal Areas of Wales.Electoral divisionsThe county borough is divided into 24 electoral wards returning 44 councillors. There are 6 elected community councils in the region. The following table… …   Wikipedia

  • Torfaen (National Assembly for Wales constituency) — Torfaen is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. It elects one Assembly Member by the first past the post method of election. Also, however, it is one of eight constituencies in the South Wales East electoral region, which elects… …   Wikipedia

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