- See mobilize.
* * *Organization of a nation's armed forces for active military service in time of war or other national emergency.It includes recruiting and training, building military bases and training camps, and procuring and distributing weapons, ammunition, uniforms, equipment, and supplies. Full mobilization involves summoning all of a nation's resources to support the military effort; for example, civilians may gather raw materials needed by the military, conserve scarce resources such as gasoline for military use, or sell war bonds to fund the war effort.
* * *▪ militaryin war or national defense, organization of the armed forces of a nation for active military service in time of war or other national emergency. In its full scope, mobilization includes the organization of all resources of a nation for support of the military effort.The technological advances of the 20th century, particularly since the advent of nuclear weapons (nuclear weapon), have vastly increased the complexities of the planning and implementation of mobilization. The ratio of a nation's standing forces, which provide for defense during the mobilization period, to that nation's full war potential has always varied and has depended on such factors as foreign policy, world tensions, strength and situation of allies, and estimates of the time required to implement mobilization. Because of the tremendous power of nuclear weapons and the speed with which they can be delivered to their targets, it is conceivable that a nation's war potential could be destroyed before mobilization could be started. This situation has increased the need for adequately prepared forces in being—i.e., the standing army, navy, and air force—which might be the only means available to continue the defense and launch a counterattack.Military mobilization, for any kind of war, includes the procurement and training of manpower for military purposes; the selection of areas and the construction of facilities for training and other military purposes; and the procurement and issuance of arms, ammunition, uniforms, equipment, vehicles, and stores. The procurement of military manpower is in itself a complex task that includes the calling up of reserves; the induction of large numbers of raw recruits; and the allocation of manpower to the army, navy, and air force and, within these major components, to the respective arms, services, and other subdivisions.The procurement of military manpower during mobilization must be correlated with the procurement of arms and equipment necessary for training and for combat and must be synchronized with timetables for training and strategic deployment. Mobilization, to be effective, not only must be well organized but must have everything in step.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
mobilization — mobilization, mobilization model The process by which a group goes from being a passive collection of individuals to an active participant in public life. (Demobilization is thus the reverse process.) Used in this way, the term has had a wide… … Dictionary of sociology
Mobilization — Mob i*li*za tion, n. [F. mobilization.] The act of mobilizing. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
mobilization — mobilization. См. мобилизация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
mobilization — index campaign Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
mobilization — (n.) 1799, a rendering movable, from Fr. mobilisation, from mobiliser (see MOBILIZE (Cf. mobilize)). Military sense is from 1866 … Etymology dictionary
mobilization — (Amer.) moÂ·biÂ·liÂ·zaÂ·tion || â€šmÉ™ÊŠbÉªlaÉª zeÉªÊƒn n. movement; assembly for action (especially of army reserves); draft; (also mobilisation) … English contemporary dictionary
Mobilization — This article is about military mobilization. For other uses, see Mobilization (disambiguation). Mobilization is the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war. The word mobilization was first used, in a military context,… … Wikipedia
mobilization — n. 1) to order (a) mobilization 2) to carry out mobilization 3) full, general; partial mobilization * * * general partial mobilization full to carry out mobilization to order (a) mobilization … Combinatory dictionary
mobilization — noun 1. act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: mobilization of the troops (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑mobilisation, ↑militarization, ↑militarisation • Ant: ↑demobilization • Derivationally related … Useful english dictionary
mobilization — 1. Making movable; restoring the power of motion in a joint. 2. The act or the result of the act of mobilizing; exciting a hitherto quiescent process into physiologic activity. SEE ALSO: mobilize. 3. The process by which a conjugative plastid… … Medical dictionary