Tōhō Motion Picture Company

▪ Japanese company
      leading Japanese motion-picture studio.

      The company was founded in 1936 by Kobayashi Ichizō, a former businessman who was the creator of an all-girl “opera troupe.” In 1932 he had organized the Tokyo Takarazuka Theatre Corporation, subsequently acquiring several established theatres and building new and larger ones. His structures housed three or more separate theatres, a model that is still followed in Japan. In 1935 he gained control of two small companies, the PCL, a studio that had first used modern production methods, and the JO, a company that produced advertising films. The next year the Tōhō Motion Picture Distribution Corporation was formed to distribute films produced by these two studios. Famed director Kurosawa Akira was one of the company's earliest employees.

      Tōhō was the foremost Japanese filmmaker during World War II. After the war, however, it experienced severe labour difficulties over unionization. By 1948 Tōhō had ended production and was acting as a distributor for the films of the Shintōhō Motion Picture Company, which had been financed by Tōhō in 1947. The studio reopened and in the 1950s introduced the first successful Japanese-developed wide-screen process, Tohoscope, similar to the American CinemaScope technique.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shintōhō Motion Picture Company — ▪ Japanese company       leading Japanese motion picture studio, known for its production of war films and action pictures appealing to mass audiences. Formed in 1947, it was originally financed by the Tōhō Motion Picture Company. Within two… …   Universalium

  • Daiei Motion Picture Company — Kadokawa Herald Pictures Pour les articles homonymes, voir Herald. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daiei. Kadokawa Herald Pictures (角川ヘラルド映画株式会社, Kadokawa Herarudo Eiga Kabu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • motion picture, history of the — Introduction       history of the medium from the 19th century to the present. Early years, 1830–1910 Origins       The illusion of motion pictures is based on the optical phenomena known as persistence of vision and the phi phenomenon. The first …   Universalium

  • Daiei Motion Picture — Kadokawa Herald Pictures Pour les articles homonymes, voir Herald. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daiei. Kadokawa Herald Pictures (角川ヘラルド映画株式会社, Kadokawa Herarudo Eiga Kabu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of motion picture distributors — This is a list of motion picture distributors, sorted alphabetically by country.Argentina* Buena Vista International * Warner Bros. * Sony * Fox Distribution Company * Pachamama Cine * Alfa Films * Primer Plano * Columbia Pictures * United… …   Wikipedia

  • List of motion picture production companies — Argentina*Aqua Films *Argentina Sono Film S.A.C.I. *Aleph Producciones *BD Cine *Guacamole Films *Impacto Cine *Patagonik Film Group *Pol kaAustralia*Efftee Studios *New South Wales Film and Television Office *Rising Sun Pictures *Snowgum Films… …   Wikipedia

  • Ichikawa Kon — born Nov. 20, 1915, Ise, Japan Japanese film director. After working in the animation department of the Tōhō film studio, he directed his first film, The Girl at Dojo Temple (1946). He introduced sophisticated Western style comedy to Japan in… …   Universalium

  • Selected filmography of Shakespeare's works — ▪ Table Selected filmography of Shakespeare s works film title country of origin production date running time production company director selected notable actors Antony and Cleopatra Antony and Cleopatra Spain, Switzerland, U.K. 1972 160 min ●… …   Universalium

  • Akira Kurosawa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kurosawa. Akira Kurosawa (黒澤 明) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kadokawa Pictures — Daiei Studios. Kadokawa Pictures Logo used since …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.