Tisza, Kálmán

▪ Hungarian statesman
born Dec. 16, 1830, Geszt, Hung., Austrian Empire
died March 23, 1902, Budapest

      Hungarian statesman and longtime premier who led the coalition that ruled Hungary for the last 30 years of his life. He made his country a strong, unified, and economically viable state within the Austro-Hungarian system of dual government.

      A member of an old Calvinist landowning family, Tisza participated in the first Hungarian parliamentary government during the Revolution of 1848–49. Exiled after the restoration of Austrian rule, he returned to Hungary and took a major part in the struggle for Hungarian national autonomy within the Austro-Hungarian system of dual government. At a time of economic crisis and internal debate over Hungary's continued acceptance of the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich (German: “Compromise”) of 1867, Tisza changed sides in 1875 and undertook to maintain the Ausgleich. Toward this end he succeeded in fusing the often contradictory interests of the nobility, business, and the small landowners into the new Liberal Party, which supported the Ausgleich and through which he served as prime minister of Hungary during much of 1875–90. As prime minister Tisza instituted social, political, economic, and legal reforms that became the basis for Hungary's development as a modern nation. Tisza resigned in 1890, protesting at alleged interference from the Austrian emperor, but to his death he retained political preeminence in his party.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tisza, Kálmán — (1830–1902)    Founder of the Hungarian Liberal Party, Tisza was born in December 1830 in Geszt, into a Calvinist family belonging to the Magyar gentry. In the revolution of 1848–1849, Tisza joined the revolutionary regime and was exiled by the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Tisza Kálmán — born Dec. 16, 1830, Geszt, Hung., Austrian Empire died March 23, 1902, Budapest Hungarian politician and premier (1875–90). A member of an old landowning family, he took part in the struggle for Hungarian national autonomy within the Austro… …   Universalium

  • Tisza, Kálmán — (16 dic. 1830, Geszt, Hungría, Imperio austríaco–23 mar. 1902, Budapest). Político y primer ministro húngaro (1875–90). Miembro de una antigua familia terrateniente, participó en la lucha por la autonomía nacional húngara dentro del sistema del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kalman Tisza — Kálmán Tisza Kálmán Tisza (né le 16 décembre 1830 à Geszt et mort le 23 mars 1902 à Budapest) était une personnalité politique hongroise. Il fut premier ministre de Hongrie du 20 octobre 1875 au 13 mars 1890. Précédé par Kálmán Tisza Suivi par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tisza — Tisza, Istvan (Tisa) ► Río de Europa central, afluente izquierdo del Danubio. Nace en los Cárpatos septentrionales (Ucrania), atraviesa Hungría, y se une al Danubio al N de Belgrado; 976 km. * * * (as used in expressions) Tisza, István, conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tisza, István, Gróf — ▪ prime minister of Hungary born April 22, 1861, Budapest, Hungary, Austrian Empire died October 31, 1918, Budapest  Hungarian statesman who became prime minister of Hungary as well as one of the most prominent defenders of the Austro Hungarian… …   Universalium

  • Tisza — Hung. /ti so/, n. a river in S central Europe, flowing from the Carpathian Mountains through E Hungary and NE Yugoslavia into the Danube N of Belgrade. 800 mi. (1290 km) long. German, Theiss. * * * (as used in expressions) Tisza Kálmán Tisza… …   Universalium

  • Tisza, István, Count — born April 22, 1861, Budapest, Hung., Austrian Empire died Oct. 31, 1918, Budapest Hungarian politician. He entered the Hungarian parliament in 1886 and joined his father, Tisza Kálmán, as a leader of the Liberal Party. A defender of the Austro… …   Universalium

  • Kálmán Tisza — Kálmán (Koloman) Tisza von Borosjenő et Szeged (* 16. Dezember 1830 in Geszt, Komitat Békés; † 23. März 1902 in Budapest) war als langjähriger Ministerpräsident Ungarns von 1875 bis 1890 ein führender Politiker Österreich Ungarns …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kálmán Tisza — de Borosjenő (1830 1902) was the Hungarian prime minister between 1875 and 1890. He is credited for the formation of a consolidated Magyar government, the foundation of the new Liberal Party (1875) and major economic reforms that would both save… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.