Tieck, Ludwig

▪ German writer

born May 31, 1773, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]
died April 28, 1853, Berlin
 versatile and prolific writer and critic of the early Romantic movement in Germany. He was a born storyteller, and his best work has the quality of a Märchen (fairy tale) that appeals to the emotions rather than the intellect.

      The son of a craftsman, Tieck was educated at the Berlin gymnasium (1782–92) and at the universities of Halle, Göttingen, and Erlangen (1792–94). Through friendship with W.H. Wackenroder (Wackenroder, Wilhelm Heinrich), he began to realize his talent; together, they studied William Shakespeare, Elizabethan drama, Middle High German literature, and medieval town architecture.

      Characteristic of early German Romanticism are Tieck's Die Geschichte des Herrn William Lovell, 3 vol. (1795–96; “The Story of Mr. William Lovell”), a novel in letter form that describes the moral self-destruction of a sensitive young intellectual; Karl von Berneck (1797), a five-act tragedy set in the Middle Ages; and Franz Sternbalds Wanderungen, 2 vol. (1798), a novel of artistic life in the late Middle Ages. A series of plays based on fairy tales—including Ritter Blaubart (“Bluebeard”) and Der gestiefelte Kater (“Puss in Boots”)—that parodied the rationalism of the 18th-century Enlightenment were published in Volksmärchen (1797), under the pseudonym Peter Leberecht (“live right”). This collection includes one of Tieck's best short novels, Der blonde Eckbert (“Fair Eckbert”), the fantastic story of an obsessive fear; this work won the praise of August and Friedrich von Schlegel (Schlegel, Friedrich von), the leading critics of the Jena Romantics.

      In 1799 Tieck published a translation of Shakespeare's The Tempest, and he started a translation of Don Quixote (published 1799–1801). His early work culminated in the grotesque, lyrical plays Leben und Tod der heiligen Genoveva (1800; “The Life and Death of the Holy Genevieve”) and Kaiser Octavianus (1804). Phantasus, 3 vol. (1812–16), a heterogeneous collection of works in a narrative framework, indicated a movement toward realism.

      After 1802 Tieck's creative powers apparently became dormant. He studied Middle High German, collected and translated Elizabethan plays, published new editions of 16th- and 17th-century German plays, and acted as adviser to the Shakespeare translation begun by August von Schlegel. He also published works by such contemporary German writers as Novalis and Heinrich von Kleist.

      From 1825 to 1842 Tieck served as adviser and critic at the theatre in Dresden. During those years he became the greatest living literary authority in Germany after J.W. von Goethe. His creative energies were renewed; he turned away from the fantasy of his earlier work and found his material in contemporary middle-class society or history. The 40 short novels of this period contain polemics against both the younger Romantics (Young Germany) and the contemporary “Young Germany” movement, which was attempting to establish a national German theatre based on democratic ideals. Dichterleben (“A Poet's Life”; part 1, 1826; part 2, 1831) concerned the early life of Shakespeare. Vittoria Accorombona (1840; The Roman Matron) was a historical novel. In 1842 he accepted the invitation of Frederick William IV of Prussia to go to Berlin, where he remained the rest of his years, and where, as in Dresden, he became the centre of literary society.

Additional Reading
Edwin H. Zeydel, Ludwig Tieck, the German Romanticist (1935, reprinted 1971); Roger Paulin, Ludwig Tieck (1985).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tieck, Ludwig — Tieck, Ludwig. An den Namen Tieck s knüpfen sich schöne Erinnerungen. Es gab eine Zeit, wo keine Gesellschaft zusammentrat, ohne mit Tieck zu liebäugeln. Vornehm und Gering haderte mit einander über den Werth oder Unwerth der romantischen Poesie …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Tieck, Ludwig — (1773 1853)    Director, playwright. Tieck was most innovative in discovering the connection between Shakespeare plays and Elizabethan staging, though he was also an important contributor to the German poetry of Romanticism. His playwriting… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • TIECK, LUDWIG —    German poet, born in Berlin; was one of the founders of the Romantic school in Germany, was a friend of the Schlegels and Novalis; wrote novels and popular tales and dramas; his tales, in particular, are described by Carlyle as teeming with… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ludwig Tieck — Ludwig Tieck, nach einem Gemälde von Joseph Karl Stieler aus dem Jahr 1838[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig Tieck — Nom de naissance Johann Ludwig Tieck Activités Poète, traducteur, éditeur, romancier et critique Naissance 31 mai 1773 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tieck — Ludwig Tieck Ludwig Tieck Johann Ludwig Tieck (31 mai 1773 à Berlin – 28 avril 1853 à Berlin) est un poète allemand, traducteur, éditeur, romancier et critique, initiateur du premier Romantisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ludwig Tieck — Ludwig Tieck. Johann Ludwig Tieck (Berlín, 31 de mayo de 1773 íd., 28 de abril de 1853), escritor e hispanista alemán del Romanticismo. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tieck [1] — Tieck, Ludwig, der lebendigste und fruchtbarste unter den romantischen Dichtern (s. Romantisch), geb. 1773 zu Berlin, trieb geschichtliche und philologische Studien zu Halle, Erlangen, Göttingen, befreundete sich früh mit Wackenroder, 1799 zu… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tieck — (Ludwig) (1773 1853) écrivain allemand. Il orienta le romantisme vers le fantastique et la légende médiévale (Phantasus, contes, 1812 1816), puis vers le réalisme: la Révolte dans les Cévennes (1826), le Jeune Maître ébéniste (1836), nouvelles …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ludwig Tieck — JohannLudwigTieck Johann Ludwig Tieck (May 31, 1773 – April 28, 1853) was a German poet, translator, editor, novelist, writer of Novellen, and critic, who was one of the founding fathers of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th… …   Wikipedia

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