Thomson, Sir C Wyville

▪ Scottish naturalist
born March 5, 1830, Bonsyde, West Lothian, Scotland
died March 10, 1882, Bonsyde

      Scottish naturalist who was one of the first marine biologists to describe life in the ocean depths.

      After studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Thomson lectured in botany at the University of Aberdeen (1850–51) and Marischal College (1851–52) but concentrated increasingly on zoology after his appointment to chairs of natural history at Cork and Belfast (1853–68), in Ireland.

      When he was appointed professor of natural history at Edinburgh (1870), Thomson had already turned his attention exclusively to the study of marine invertebrates. Aboard two deep-sea dredging expeditions north of Scotland (1868–69), he discovered a wide variety of invertebrate life forms—many previously believed extinct—to a depth of 650 fathoms. He also found that deep-sea temperatures are not as constant as had been supposed, indicating the presence of oceanic circulation. Thomson described these findings in The Depths of the Sea (1873).

      In 1872 he embarked on an exploration aboard HMS “Challenger (Challenger Expedition).” The crew made observations and soundings of the three great ocean basins at 362 stations during a highly successful circumnavigation of 68,890 nautical miles (127,600 kilometres). Thomson was knighted on his return in 1876.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Thomson , Sir Charles Wyville — (1830–1882) British marine biologist Thomson was born at Bonsyde in Scotland and educated at Edinburgh University; his first academic posts were as lecturer in botany at Aberdeen University (1850–51) and Marischal College (1851–52). He was then… …   Scientists

  • THOMSON, SIR CHARLES WYVILLE —    zoologist, born at Bonsyde, Linlithgow; educated at Merchiston Castle, Edinburgh, and at the university there; a lecturer on botany at Aberdeen (1850), professor of Natural History in Queen s College, Cork (1853), of Geology at Belfast (1854) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wyville Thomson — Charles Wyville Thomson. Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (* 5. März 1830 in Bonsyde, West Lothian; † 10. März 1882 ebenda) war Professor für Zoologie. Er leitete 1872 1878 die erfolgreiche Challenger Expedition zur Erforschung der Tiefsee. Thomson… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomson —   [tɔmsn],    1) Sir Charles Wyville, britischer Biologe und Ozeanograph, * Bonsyde (Lothian Region) 5. 3. 1830, ✝ ebenda 10. 3. 1882; ab 1870 Professor in Edinburgh, plante und leitete die Challenger Expedition (Challenger).    2) Sir (seit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thomson Telecom SAS — Thomson Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Thompson. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomson [2] — Thomson, 1) James, englischer didaktischer Dichter, geb. 11. Sept. 1700 zu Ednam in Schottland, gest. 27. Aug. 1748 in London, studierte in Edinburg Theologie, kam aber bald als Hofmeister nach London, wohin er bereits seine beschreibende… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thomson (surname) — Family name name = Thomson imagesize= caption= pronunciation = meaning = son of Thomas region =Crusades origin = related names =Thompson, Thomason, Tompson, Thompsen, Tomason footnotes=Thomson is a Scottish and English patronymic surname meaning… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomson — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Thompson. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomson [5] — Thomson (spr. tomms n), Sir Wyville, Naturforscher, geb. 5. März 1830 in Bonsyde in der schott. Grafsch. Linlithgow, 1850 Prof. in Aberdeen, 1853 in Cork, 1854 in Belfast, 1870 in Edinburgh, gest. 10. März 1882 in Bonsyde, Begründer der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charles Wyville Thomson — Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (5 March 1830 – 10 March 1882) was a Scottish zoologist and chief scientist on the Challenger expedition. Contents 1 Career 2 Interests …   Wikipedia

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