Tardieu, André

▪ French premier
in full  André-pierre-gabriel-amédée Tardieu  
born Sept. 22, 1876, Paris, France
died Sept. 15, 1945, Menton

      statesman who was three times premier of France and who attempted to carry on the policies of Georges Clemenceau in the aftermath of World War I.

      A member of an upper middle-class family, Tardieu studied at the École Normale Supérieure. After a period in the diplomatic service, he made his reputation as foreign editor of Le Temps. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1914, he served with distinction in the light infantry during World War I until 1916. At the Conference of Paris he had a considerable part in drafting the Treaty of Versailles.

      Tardieu was minister for the Liberated Areas (Alsace-Lorraine) in Clemenceau's government from November 1919 to January 1920. After Clemenceau's retirement he steadfastly refused to enter any government until 1926. Both in the Chamber of Deputies and in the press, Tardieu waged an uncompromising campaign against the relaxation of the Treaty of Versailles' punitive provisions against Germany. Then, to Clemenceau's chagrin, he accepted the Ministry of Public Works and later the Ministry of the Interior under Raymond Poincaré. As the leader of the right-centre in the Chamber, he was premier from Nov. 2, 1929, to Feb. 17, 1930, and again from March 2 to Dec. 5, 1930, advocating a policy of large national expenditure. He was minister of agriculture (1931–32) and of war (1932) in Pierre Laval's two Cabinets before becoming premier for the third time on Feb. 20, 1932. Defeated in the general elections, he resigned on May 10, 1932. Finally, disgusted with the condition of public affairs, he retired from active politics in 1936.

      Tardieu wrote many books, including La France et les alliances (1908); La Paix (1921; The Truth About the Treaty); Devant l'obstacle (1927; France and America); and La Révolution à refaire, 2 vol. (1936–37), a denunciation of the French parliamentary system.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tardieu, André — (1876 1945)    political figure    Born in Paris and educated at the École normale supérieure, André Tardieu served as leader of the pierre waldeck rousseau cabinet foreign news editor of Le Temps (1902). He was elected deputy (1914) and was… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Tardieu, André — ► (1876 1945) Político y periodista francés. Fue jefe del Gobierno en 1929 30 y 1932 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tardieu, André (-Pierre-Gabriel-Amédée) — born Sept. 22, 1876, Paris, France died Sept. 15, 1945, Menton French politician. After work in the diplomatic service, he became foreign editor of Le Temps and was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1914. A delegate to the Paris Peace… …   Universalium

  • Tardieu, André (-Pierre-Gabriel-Amédée) — (22 sep. 1876, París, Francia–15 sep. 1945, Menton). Político francés. Después de trabajar en el servicio diplomático, fue redactor de la sección internacional de Le Temps y fue elegido a la Cámara de Diputados en 1914. Delegado en la conferencia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andre Tardieu — André Tardieu Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tardieu. André Tardieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Tardieu — (* 22. September 1876 in Paris; † 15. September 1945 in Menton) war ein französischer Politiker. Auf der Pariser Friedenskonferenz 1919 war Tardieu Berater von Georges Clemenceau. Von 1926 bis 1932 war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • André — André, Yves Marie * * * (as used in expressions) Ampère, André Marie André, John Boulle, André Charles André Charles Boule Breton, André Cournand, André F(rédéric) Courrèges, André Derain, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tardieu — Tardieu, Ambroise Auguste Tardieu, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • André Tardieu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tardieu. André Tardieu André Tardieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André — /ahn dray/ or, for 1, /an dree/; for 2 also Fr. /ahonn drdday /, n. 1. John, 1751 80, British major hanged as a spy by the Americans in the Revolutionary War: plotted the betrayal of West Point with Benedict Arnold. 2. a male given name, French… …   Universalium

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