Tanggu

      district, eastern Tianjin municipality, northeastern China. It is located on the Hai River (Hai River system) where the Hai empties into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli). Formerly the town of Tangda (it was renamed in 1952), Tanggu district has been under the administration of Tianjin since 1949. The district lies on the rail line between central Tianjin (30 miles [48 km] west-northwest) and Shenyang (Mukden) to the northeast in Liaoning province, and it is an important shipping point and an outport for Tianjin. An expressway links Tanggu to central Tianjin and, farther northwest, to Beijing.

      Tanggu has long been important for its salt field. During the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) production was supervised by specially appointed feudal officials. Between 1969 and 1974 the Chinese enlarged the fields; they straightened the sides and leveled the bottoms of some 10,600 acres (4,300 hectares) of channels, shallow ponds, and crystallizing pans and reclaimed a further 4,450 acres (1,800 hectares) from the Bo Hai. The field supplies a large proportion of the salt used in China's industry and food. Offshore oil fields in Bo Hai also support large oil and chemical enterprises in the area. The New Harbor of Tianjin, on the Hai River estuary, is one of the largest container ports in China. In addition, a regional economic and technology development zone was established in the 1990s on the north bank of the Hai River at the Bo Hai and has attracted many prominent Chinese and foreign companies.

      Not far from the Hai River estuary stands the ruins of the Dagukou Fort, where the Qing army fought to resist the British and French navies in 1858–60 and 1900. It is now a tourist site.

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Universalium. 2010.

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