Tallien, Jean-Lambert

▪ French revolutionary
born Jan. 23, 1767, Paris
died Nov. 16, 1820, Paris
 French Revolutionary who became a leader of the moderates (Thermidorians) after he helped engineer the fall of Robespierre in 1794.

      His political career began when, after taking part in the insurrection of Aug. 10, 1792, he became secretary of the Paris Commune and was elected to the National Convention, in which he sided with the more radical Montagnards against the Girondins. He voted for the execution of Louis XVI during the trial of the King (December 1792–January 1793). Later, as a member of the Committee of General Security, he was sent to organize army recruiting in southwestern France and to put down the rebels in Bordeaux.

      Recalled to Paris in March 1794, Tallien initially supported the Committee of Public Safety, but he opposed the committee after it ordered the arrest of a noblewoman known as Madame Cabarrus, whom the Committee accused of being his mistress. Denounced by Robespierre (Robespierre, Maximilien de) on June 12, 1794, Tallien conspired with Paul Barras, Joseph Fouché, and others to overthrow him, which they did on July 27 (9 Thermidor).

      After Robespierre's fall, Tallien became a leader of the Thermidorian Reaction, taking part in the suppression of members of the Revolutionary tribunals, the Jacobins, and some of his former colleagues whom he accused of being royalist sympathizers. As a member of the reconstructed Committee of Public Safety, he secured the release of Madame Cabarrus and married her on Dec. 26, 1794.

      Under the Directory (1795–99), Tallien became a member of the Council of Five Hundred, but he had little influence because he was held suspect by all parties. He retained his seat until 1798, when he went to Egypt with Napoleon Bonaparte. Upon his return to Paris (April 1801), he divorced his wife, who had already deserted him.

      Tallien supported the First Restoration (1814) and then the Hundred Days of Napoleon. Under the Second Restoration (1815), however, he was denied a pension and spent the rest of his life in poverty.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tallien, Jean-Lambert — (1767 1820)    political figure    Born in Paris, Jean Lambert Tallien was a member of the jacobin Club since the beginning of the revolution of 1789 and, in 1791, published a popular newspaper, L Affiche des citoyens. Recording secretary of the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Tallien, Jean Lambert — ► (1767 1820) Político revolucionario francés. Diputado en la Convención y miembro del comité de seguridad general, fue enviado a Burdeos en 1793, donde se destacó por su terrorismo cruel. Contribuyó a la crisis del 9 termidor, combatiendo a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • TALLIEN, JEAN LAMBERT —    a notable French Revolutionist, born in Paris; a lawyer s clerk; threw in his lot with the Revolution, and became prominent as the editor of a Jacobin journal, L Ami des Citoyens; took an active part in the sanguinary proceedings during the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean-lambert tallien — Tallien Nom de naissance Jean Lambert Tallien Naissance 23 janvier 1767 Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Lambert Tallien — Tallien Nom de naissance Jean Lambert Tallien Naissance 23 janvier 1767 Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Lambert Tallien — (* 23. Januar 1767 in Paris; † 16. November 1820 in Paris) war ein französischer Journalist und Revolutionär. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Lambert Tallien — (1767 ndash; November 16, 1820), was a French political figure of the revolutionary period.LifeClerk and journalistHe was the son of the maître d hôtel of the Marquis de Bercy, and was born in Paris. The marquis, noticing his ability, had him… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean-Lambert Tallien — (1767 – 16 Noviembre de 1820) fue un político francés durante la Revolución Francesa. Contenido 1 Vida 1.1 Empleado y periodista 1.2 La Comuna 1.3 La Convención y di …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tallien — Jean Lambert Tallien Tallien Nom de naissance Jean Lambert Tallien Naissance 23 janvier 1767 Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tallien — Jean Lambert Tallien Jean Lambert Tallien (* 23. Januar 1767 in Paris; † 16. November 1820 in Paris) war ein französischer Journalist und Revolutionär. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.