Taft–Hartley Act

United States [1947]
formally  Labor–Management Relations Act 

      (1947), in U.S. history, law—enacted over the veto of Pres. Harry S. Truman—amending much of the pro-union Wagner Act of 1935. A variety of factors, including the fear of Communist infiltration of labour unions, the tremendous growth in both membership and power of unions, and a series of large-scale strikes, contributed to an anti-union climate in the United States after World War II. Republican majorities in both houses of Congress—the first since 1930—sought to remedy the union abuses seen as permitted under the Wagner Act.

      The Labor–Management Relations Act of 1947, sponsored by Sen. Robert A. Taft (Ohio) and Rep. Fred A. Hartley, Jr. (New Jersey), while preserving the rights of labour to organize and to bargain collectively, additionally guaranteed employees the right not to join unions (outlawing the closed shop); permitted union shops only where state law allowed and where a majority of workers voted for them; required unions to give 60 days' advance notification of a strike; authorized 80-day federal injunctions when a strike threatened to imperil national health or safety; narrowed the definition of unfair labour practices; specified unfair union practices; restricted union political contributions; and required union officers to deny under oath any Communist affiliations.

      The Landrum–Griffin Act of 1959 set further union restrictions, barring secondary boycotts and limiting the right to picket.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taft-Hartley Act —   [ tæft hɑːtlɪ , auch tɑːft ], eigentlich Labor Management Relations Act [ leɪbə mænɪdʒmənt rɪ leɪʃnz ækt »Gesetz (zur Regelung) der Beziehungen zwischen Arbeitnehmern und Arbeitgebern«], von Senator R. A. Taft und dem republikanischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Taft-Hartley Act — n. A federal law enacted in 1947 as an addition to the National Labor Relations Act, giving employers increased rights in labor disputes. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • Taft–Hartley Act — The Labor–Management Relations Act, informally the Taft–Hartley Act, is a United States federal law greatly restricting the activities and power of labor unions. The Act, still effective, was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative… …   Wikipedia

  • Taft-Hartley Act — The Wagner Act was amended in 1947 by the Taft Hartley Act to balance some of the advantages given to unions under the Wagner Act by imposing corresponding duties on unions. Principal changes imposed by the Act included the following: abolishment …   Black's law dictionary

  • Taft-Hartley Act — A Federal law that was enacted in 1947 that prohibited certain union practices and required improvement in union disclosure of financial and political dealings. Basically, the Taft Hartley act is an outline of the Federal government s… …   Investment dictionary

  • Taft-Hartley Act — /taft hahrt lee/ an act of the U.S. Congress (1947) that supersedes but continues most of the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act and that, in addition, provides for an eighty day injunction against strikes that endanger public health… …   Universalium

  • Taft-Hartley Act — /taft hahrt lee/ an act of the U.S. Congress (1947) that supersedes but continues most of the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act and that, in addition, provides for an eighty day injunction against strikes that endanger public health… …   Useful english dictionary

  • taft-hartley (act) —  1947 law that amended the Wagner Act (1935), protecting the rights of workers to join unions and allowing government injunctions to stop strikes in times of national emergencies …   American business jargon

  • Taft-Hartley Act — See Labor Relations Acts …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Taft-Hartley Act, 1947 —    Named after the respective chairmen of the two congressional labor committees, Senator Robert A. Taft and representative Fred L. Hartley Jr., the Taft Hartley Act, also known as the Labor Management Relations Act, was passed over President… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.