Swartkrans

▪ anthropological and archaeological site, South Africa
      one of three neighbouring South African paleoanthropological sites, located just west of Johannesburg, where important fossil remains of hominins (members of the human lineage) have been found. The remains date to between 1.8 and 1 million years ago and include early Homo species as well as Paranthropus robustus. Fossils found here have established that more than one species of hominin lived in the region at the same time.

      Swartkrans is a limestone cave that accumulated fossils via openings to the surface that occurred sporadically over the course of geologic time. Most of the early bone accumulations appear to be the result of carnivore kills. At its oldest levels are the remains of over 100 individuals of P. robustus and a few specimens of early Homo. The associated animal fossils imply the presence of dry, grassy habitats at the time. Stone and bone tools occur throughout the sequence. Swarktrans, Sterkfontein, and Kromdraai are located within the Cradle of Humankind, a region designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swartkrans — is a location in South Africa, around 20 miles from Johannesburg.Swartkrans is a farm near to Sterkfontein, notable for being extremely rich in archaeological material, particularly hominid remains. It was purchased by the University of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Swartkrans — ist eine Farm und archäologische Fundstelle in Südafrika, etwa 30 km von Johannesburg entfernt. Der Ort ist bekannt für seinen Reichtum an archäologischen Funden, speziell wegen der Fossilien von frühen Vorfahren der Gattung Homo (Hominini) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swartkrans — Sitios de restos fósiles homínidos de Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, y alrededores …   Wikipedia Español

  • Swartkrans — 25°55′45″S 27°47′20″E / 25.92917, 27.78889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Swartkrans — Swạrtkrans,   Höhle bei Krugersdorp, Republik Südafrika; in ihr wurden seit 1948 zahlreiche ältestpleistozäne Hominiden des Typs Australopithecus robustus (Australopithecinen) sowie Fossilien des Homo erectus und/oder des Homo habilis gefunden …   Universal-Lexikon

  • swartkrans — swart·krans …   English syllables

  • Swartkrans ape-man — [svärt′kränz΄] n. [after Swartkrans, near Johannesburg, South Africa, where the remains were found] an early hominid (Australopithecus robustus crassidens) known from fossil remains and thought to be from the Middle Pleistocene …   English World dictionary

  • Swartkrans ape-man — /sfahrt krahnz/ the fossil remains of the extinct hominid Australopithecus robustus, found at Swartkrans, Republic of South Africa: formerly classified in the genus Paranthropus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Swartkrans ape-man — /sfahrt krahnz/ the fossil remains of the extinct hominid Australopithecus robustus, found at Swartkrans, Republic of South Africa: formerly classified in the genus Paranthropus …   Useful english dictionary

  • swartkrans man — noun see swartkranz ape man …   Useful english dictionary

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