superposed order

      in Classical architecture, an order, or style, of column placed above another order in the vertical plane, as in a multilevel arcade, colonnade, or facade. In the architecture of ancient Greece, where the orders originated, they were rarely superposed unless it was structurally required; and when Greek builders did superpose orders, as in some examples of the stoa, or covered walk, they were always of the same order as the columns below. In the Parthenon at Athens (5th century BC), the great eastern chamber, known as the Hecatompedon, has a two-tiered colonnade with superposed Doric orders on three sides.

      Roman architects used superposed orders freely as decorative elements. The Colosseum, built at Rome in the 1st century AD, has four stories: on the ground level the order is Doric; on the next level it is Ionic; on the third, Corinthian; and the top story has pilasters (attached rectangular columns), also of the Corinthian order. Renaissance builders frequently used superposed orders, usually in the same ascending series as on the Colosseum, though they sometimes added a Composite order. They also developed the Colossal (colossal order), or giant, order, a single column reaching upward through two or more stories, which could substitute for the superposed orders.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • order — orderable, adj. orderer, n. orderless, adj. /awr deuhr/, n. 1. an authoritative direction or instruction; command; mandate. 2. a command of a court or judge. 3. a command or notice issued by a military organization or a military commander to… …   Universalium

  • Classical order — An illustration of the five orders engraved for the Encyclopédie, vol. 18, showing the Tuscan and Doric orders (top row); two versions of the Ionic order (center row); Corinthian and Composite orders (bottom row). A classical order is one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Corinthian order — The Pantheon provided a prominent model for Renaissance and later architects, through the medium of engravings …   Wikipedia

  • Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …   Universalium

  • Coat of arms of the Romanian Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform — Infobox coat of arms name = Coat of arms of the Romanian Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform image width = 250 middle = middle width = middle caption = lesser = lesser width = lesser caption = image2 width = image2 caption = image3… …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior — Details Adopted 2008 (?) Escutcheon party per pale, double party …   Wikipedia

  • Quantum mind — theories are based on the premise that quantum mechanics is necessary to fully understand the mind and brain, particularly concerning an explanation of consciousness. This approach is considered a minority opinion in science, although it does… …   Wikipedia

  • Borealis quadrangle — The Borealis quadrangle is a quadrangle on Mercury surrounding the north pole down to 65° latitude (see also: geography of Mars).It contains the Goethe Basin, whose diameter of at least convert|400|km|abbr=on makes it the sixth largest impact… …   Wikipedia

  • Michelangelo quadrangle — The Michelangelo quadrangle is in the southern hemisphere of the planet Mercury, where the imaged part is heavily cratered terrain that has been strongly influenced by the presence of multiring basins. At least four such basins, now nearly… …   Wikipedia

  • solids, mechanics of — ▪ physics Introduction       science concerned with the stressing (stress), deformation (deformation and flow), and failure of solid materials and structures.       What, then, is a solid? Any material, fluid or solid, can support normal forces.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.