summary jurisdiction

law
      in Anglo-American law, jurisdiction of a magistrate or judge to conduct proceedings resulting in a conviction or order without trial by jury. Summary jurisdiction is almost entirely a creation of statute. In the United States, despite federal and state constitutional provisions guaranteeing trial by jury, it is generally held that certain petty offenses (e.g., disturbing the peace) may be tried summarily. The trial of such cases is usually more informal and expeditious than those for more serious offenses. Civil suits in which the amounts are small may also be tried without a jury.

      In England crimes are classified as either summary offenses, which are tried by magistrates' courts (magistrates' court), or indictable offenses, for which there is a right to a jury trial. There also are offenses that may in some cases be treated in either way. Since the mid-20th century, most petty offenses punishable by imprisonment for more than three months may be tried on indictment. The English law also includes some civil proceedings within the summary jurisdiction of magistrates.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Summary jurisdiction — Summary jurisdiction, in the widest sense of the phrase, in English law includes the power asserted by courts of record to deal brevi manu with contempts of court without the intervention of a jury. Probably the power was originally exercisable… …   Wikipedia

  • summary jurisdiction — A jurisdiction exercised by summary proceedings, as in a bankruptcy court. 9 Am J2d Bankr § 68 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • summary jurisdiction — The jurisdiction of a court to give a judgment or make an order itself forthwith; e.g., to commit to prison for contempt. In the case of justices of the peace, a jurisdiction to convict an offender themselves instead of committing him for trial… …   Black's law dictionary

  • summary jurisdiction — /sʌməri dʒurəsˈdɪkʃən/ (say sumuhree joohruhs dikshuhn) noun Law the jurisdiction, exercised by a court at the lower level in a justice system, as a magistrates court, to try persons accused of minor criminal offences without a jury …   Australian English dictionary

  • summary jurisdiction — noun Law the authority of a court to use summary proceedings and arrive at a judgement …   English new terms dictionary

  • summary jurisdiction — noun : the authority or power of a court to use a summary procedure …   Useful english dictionary

  • Court of Summary Jurisdiction — The Court of Summary Jurisdiction is a court in the Northern Territory of Australia. It has jurisdiction to deal with criminal offences which occur in the territory. It is one of the courts that is usually referred to as the Magistrates Court of… …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Summary Jurisdiction — noun 1. (formerly in some Australian states) the official name of a lower level court exercising criminal jurisdiction over summary offences. 2. (in the NT) a division of the NT Magistrates Court dealing with criminal matters. Compare Local Court …   Australian English dictionary

  • court of summary jurisdiction — noun a lower level court exercising criminal jurisdiction over summary offences …   Australian English dictionary

  • court of summary jurisdiction — noun Brit. a court, especially a magistrate s court, that tries summary offences without a jury …   English new terms dictionary

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