Stutthof

      Nazi (Nazi Party) German concentration camp and extermination camp located outside the village of Stutthof (now Sztutowo, Poland), 22 miles (36 km) east of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland). First established by the Nazis in 1939 as a camp for civilian war prisoners, Stutthof became a concentration camp in 1942. The Nazis converted it into an extermination camp in 1944.

      It served as a forced-labour and transit camp for the Jews of Danzig and northern Poland and for non-Jewish prisoners. Many prisoners were allowed to die from disease, malnutrition, and harsh living conditions. The situation improved slightly in 1943 for non-Jewish prisoners whose labour was then urgently needed by the Germans.

      In early 1944 the Nazis transferred all surviving inmates to the death camp at Auschwitz. The Nazis then enlarged Stutthof itself, set up nearby satellite camps, and remodeled it into an extermination camp, mostly for Jewish women from the Baltic countries, Poland, Hungary, and concentration camps in Germany. When the prisoners arrived, camp staff divided them into two groups, assigning the able-bodied to forced labour and sending weak, elderly, ill, and handicapped prisoners to death in the gas chambers. In January 1945, as Soviet troops approached, the Nazis evacuated surviving prisoners and sent them on so-called death marches. Thousands, perhaps tens of thousands, died in the harsh winter conditions. Some prisoners were sent from the camp by sea and drowned. Soviet troops liberated Stutthof on May 9, 1945.

      Over the years, about 115,000 prisoners passed through Stutthof. More than half, some 65,000, died there, and the Nazis transferred about 22,000 to other concentration camps.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STUTTHOF — (Pol. Sztutowo), German concentration camp established in a secluded area 22½ mi. (36 km.) E. of Danzig, which existed from Sept. 2, 1939, until May 9, 1945. Surrounded by water on three sides, the land was wet and almost at sea level. It was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Stutthof — bezeichnet ein Dorf bei Danzig, heute Sztutowo das ehemalige Konzentrationslager KZ Stutthof Siehe auch: Stutthof Prozesse Stuthof, ein Rostocker Stadtteil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stutthof — Stutthof, Dorf im preuß. Regbez. Danzig, Kreis Danziger Niederung, am nördlichen Mündungsarm der Elbinger Weichsel, zwischen der Danziger Bucht und dem Frischen Haff und an der Kleinbahnlinie Danzig S., hat (1905) 2464 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stutthof — (actualmente Sztutowo) Pequeño poblado en el distrito de Nowy Dwór Gdanski, región o voivodato [województwo] de Pomerania [Pomorskie] en Polonia. En ese lugar estaba emplazado el famoso campo de concentración nazi homónimo que hoy en día funciona …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stutthof — Le Stutthof[1] (Zivilgefangenenlager Stutthof, Konzentrationslager Stutthof, Durchgangslager Stutthof, Sonderlager Stutthof, Arbeitserziehungslager Stutthof) – est un camp de concentration allemand établi le 2 septembre 1939 sur le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stutthof — The term Stutthof can refer to: *Sztutowo ( Stutthof ) in Poland *Stutthof concentration camp built near Sztutowo …   Wikipedia

  • Stutthof — Stụtthof,   nationalsozialistisches Konzentrationslager, östlich von Danzig, im September 1939 eingerichtet als Zivilgefangenenlager, ab November 1941 Arbeitserziehungslager (auch SS Sonderlager genannt), ab Januar 1942 KZ mit zahlreichen Außen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stutthof —    This concentration camp was located east of Danzig (Gdansk), at the mouth of the Vistula River. Initially designated as a camp for civilian prisoners of war following the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, it became a concentration… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Stutthof Trial — was a war crime tribunal held at Gdańsk, Poland, from April 25, 1946, to May 31, 1946, where the joint Soviet/Polish Special Criminal Court tried and convicted of crimes against humanity a group of thirteen ex officials and overseers of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Stutthof concentration camp — Not to be confused with Struthof. Coordinates: 54°19′44″N 19°09′14″E / 54.32889°N 19.15389°E / 54.32889; 19.15389 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.