Stumpf, Carl

▪ German philosopher and psychologist
born April 21, 1848, Wiesentheid, Lower Franconia, Bavaria [Germany]
died Dec. 25, 1936, Berlin

      German philosopher and theoretical psychologist noted for his research on the psychology of music and tone.

      Stumpf was influenced at the University of Würzburg by the philosopher Franz Brentano, founder of act psychology, or intentionalism. Appointed lecturer (Privatdozent) at the University of Göttingen in 1870, he wrote his first important work, Über den psychologischen Ursprung des Raumvorstellung (“The Psychological Origins of Space Perception”) three years later and soon thereafter was appointed professor at the University of Würzburg. In 1875 he began experiments for his Tonpsychologie, 2 vol. (1883–90; “Tone Psychology”), completed in the course of professorships at the Universities of Prague (1879), Halle (1884), and Munich (1889). This work was important not only for reporting the results of his experiments but also for revising concepts of psychophysics, which attempts to make quantitative measurements of physical stimuli and the sensations they produce.

      In 1894 Stumpf entered the most influential phase of his career as professor of philosophy and director of the institute of experimental psychology at the Friedrich-Wilhelm University, Berlin. Continuing his research on tone psychology, he founded the journal Beiträge zur Akustik und Musikwissenschaft (“Contributions to Acoustics and Musicology”) in 1898 and in 1900 established an archive of primitive music. He was also a cofounder of the Berlin society for child psychology (1900). In two important papers of 1907 he stressed that the experimental study of sensory and imaginal experience (e.g., images, sounds, colours) is antecedent to the study of mental functions (e.g., perceiving, willing, desiring). Thus he drew into psychology his own version of phenomenology, the philosophy that concentrates on the examination of conscious phenomena. Until Stumpf's retirement from Berlin in 1921 his institute had numerous students who later developed an experimental phenomenology.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Штумпф Карл / Stumpf, Carl — (1848 1936). «Психология тона» (Tonpsychologie) Штумпфа первая работа по психологии музыки. Одним из наиболее важных аспектов этой работы была теория консонанса и диссонанса в музыке …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Štumpf — Stumpf oder Štumpf ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfons Stumpf (* 1949), deutscher Kommunalpolitiker (BM von Attendorn) (SPD) Andreas Sebastian von Stumpf (1772–1820), Legationsrat, Regierungsdirektor, Akademiemitglied Karl Friedrich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Stumpf — Carl Stumpf. Carl Stumpf. (21 de abril de 1848 25 de diciembre de 1936). Filósofo y psicólogo alemán. Stumpf estudió con Rudolph Hermann Lotze. Con éste, redactó su disertación doctoral en la universidad de Göttingen (1868), obteniendo la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • STUMPF (C.) — STUMPF CARL (1848 1936) Un des fondateurs de la psychologie de la forme, théorie qu’il appliqua, en particulier, à l’étude de la musique. Né dans une famille de médecins, Carl Stumpf s’oriente très tôt vers des préoccupations scientifiques, mais… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stumpf — may refer to:People* Johann Walter (Hans) Stumpf (musicologist), Master Pipe Organist, German Immigrant * John Stumpf, President and CEO of Wells Fargo * Bernd Stumpf * Bill Stumpf * Carl Stumpf * Johann Stumpf (writer), a 16th century Swiss… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl Stumpf — um 1900 E …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Stumpf — Carl Stumpf, vers 1900. Carl Stumpf (21 avril 1848 25 décembre 1936) est un psychologue et philosophe allemand. Connu de ses contemporains pour ses travaux sur la perception notamment auditive et pour sa théorie des émotions, il a exercé une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Stumpf — (21 April 1848 ndash; 25 December 1936) was a German philosopher and psychologist. Born in Wiesentheid, he studied with Franz Brentano and Rudolf Hermann Lotze. He had an important influence on Edmund Husserl, the founder of modern phenomenology …   Wikipedia

  • Stumpf — oder Štumpf ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfons Stumpf (* 1949), deutscher Kommunalpolitiker (BM von Attendorn) (SPD) Andreas Sebastian von Stumpf (1772–1820), Legationsrat, Regierungsdirektor, Akademiemitglied Karl Friedrich Stumpf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Stumpf — Carl Stumpf. (21 de abril de 1848 , 25 de diciembre de 1936).Filósofo y psicólogo alemán. Stumpf estudió con Rudolf Hermann Lotze con éste redacto su disertación doctoral en la universidad de Göttingen(1868) obteniendo la habilitación docente en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.