Strang, James Jesse

▪ American religious leader
also called  Jesse James Strang  
born March 21, 1813, Scipio, N.Y., U.S.
died July 9, 1856, Voree, Wis.
 American churchman, dissident of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), whose futile attempt to succeed Joseph Smith as its leader led him to found the Strangite sect.

      Admitted to the bar in 1836 after teaching for a brief period, Strang also served as postmaster for five years at Ellington, N.Y., and owned and edited a weekly paper. In 1843 he followed his wife's family to Burlington, Wis. He met Joseph Smith (Smith, Joseph) the next year in Nauvoo, Ill. Despite an earlier philosophical skepticism, Strang became a Mormon convert and was ordained an elder by Smith.

      After Smith's assassination in June 1844, Strang exhibited a letter, purportedly written by Smith, that named Strang his successor. He also claimed to have had a vision appointing him “seer, revelator, and prophet” of the Mormon Church. He was out-generaled, however, by Brigham Young (Young, Brigham), and the Twelve Apostles denounced Strang as an impostor and forger and expelled him from the church. Young became Smith's successor. Nevertheless, Strang persuaded a group of his own followers, including Smith's brother William, to move to Voree, Wis. (near Burlington), where they organized the new sect. There in 1845 he allegedly translated (with the aid of magic spectacles given him by an angel) The Book of the Law of the Lord from golden plates from the Ark of the Covenant. Strang then established a secret society that swore allegiance to him and operated under puritanical rules.

      Dissension prompted Strang to relocate the colony in 1847 to Beaver Island, in northern Lake Michigan. By 1849 the city of St. James was established on the island's northern coast. The following year Strang received another revelation in the “plates of Laban.” It sanctioned polygyny, and he was married to four wives at one time. He also claimed that it sanctioned his coronation, and in July he became King James I. The Strangites endured considerable persecution, but Strang was able to preserve the sect and to gain acquittal in the several lawsuits brought against him.

      Twice elected to the legislature in Michigan (1852, 1854), Strang had more than 5,000 followers when he was shot on June 16, 1856, by two former Strangites. Though he knew death was near, he refused to appoint a successor. Lake Michigan fishermen subsequently drove more than 2,000 Strangites from their homes and all but extinguished the sect.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Strang — James J. Strang edit data …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse James — Jesse Woodson James (* 5. September 1847 in Centerville, (später in Kearney umbenannt) im Clay County, Missouri; † 3. April 1882 in Saint Joseph, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Bandit und das bekannteste Mitglied der James Younger Bande.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Strang — bezeichnet: die Anzahl von Wicklungen einer elektrischen Maschine ein Kabel mit vielen Litzen. in der Textiltechnik eine Schleife aus Garn, s. Strang (Textil) ein DNA Strang. beim Fahrsport stabile Riemen, welche die Kraft zwischen Pferd und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Keach — est un acteur, réalisateur, producteur et occasionnellement scénariste américain. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Filmographie 2.1 En tant qu acteur 2.2 En tant que réalisateur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beaver Island — ▪ island, Michigan, United States also called  Big Beaver Island         largest of an island group in northeastern Lake Michigan (Michigan, Lake), U.S., about 35 miles (55 km) north northwest of the resort city of Charlevoix, Mich. It extends… …   Universalium

  • Michilimackinac — For related terms, see Mackinac (disambiguation). Michilimackinac is a name for the region around the Straits of Mackinac between Lake Huron and Lake Michigan. Early settlers of North America applied the term to the entire region along Lakes… …   Wikipedia

  • Mormon — Mormonism, n. /mawr meuhn/, n. 1. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints. 2. See under Book of Mormon. * * * Member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints or of a sect closely related to… …   Universalium

  • Mackinac Island Public School — is the public school district serving Mackinac Island, Michigan. The school district is coterminous with the city and with the island. It is governed by a school board of 5 elected members. One school building, on Lake Shore Drive, is sufficient… …   Wikipedia

  • Letter of appointment — The Letter of Appointment was a controversial three page document used by James J. Strang and his adherents, in their efforts to prove that he was the designated successor to Joseph Smith, Jr. as prophet and president of the Church of Jesus… …   Wikipedia

  • Стрэнг, Джеймс — Дж. Стрэнг. Дагерротип 1856 г., снятый на о. Бивер Айленд, озеро Мичиган. Фотограф: Дж. Аткин (позднее  один из убийц Стрэнга) …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.