Starr, Ellen Gates

▪ American social reformer
born 1859, near Laona, Ill., U.S.
died Feb. 10, 1940, Suffern, N.Y.

      American social reformer, a cofounder (with Jane Addams (Addams, Jane)) of the Hull House social settlement and one of its longtime residents and supporters.

      Encouraged by her aunt, an art scholar, Starr enrolled in the Rockford (Illinois) Female Seminary, graduating in 1878. She then taught at a Chicago girls' school. In 1888 Starr traveled with Addams, whom she had met at the Rockford Female Seminary, to a London social settlement where educated young people worked toward social reform by living among the urban poor. In 1889, inspired by the London settlement, the two women founded Hull House in Chicago.

      With Addams and other Hull House associates, Starr worked to reform child labour laws and help poor immigrant factory workers obtain better wages and working conditions. Starr lived at Hull House for almost 30 years, during which time she attempted to instill an appreciation for art and the creative impulse in the lives of the neighbourhood's poor residents. She strongly felt that working at an art or craft would result in “happier and more rational human beings” and could serve as an antidote to the demoralizing repetitiveness of daily factory work. In the early 1900s Starr established a bookbindery at Hull House, where she taught bookbinding and established a reputation as a master craftsperson. During the 1920s, however, she reluctantly came to believe that there was little place for handicrafts in the modern industrial world. In 1930 she retired to a Roman Catholic convent, where she died 10 years later.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ellen Gates Starr — (March 19, 1859 near Laona, Illinois – February 10, 1940 in Suffern, New York) was an American social reformer and activist. Biography Ellen Starr was born in Laona, Illinois and was a student at the Rockford Female Seminary (1877 78) where she… …   Wikipedia

  • Ellen Gates Starr — (* 19. März 1859 nahe Laona im US Bundesstaat Illinois; † 10. Februar 1940 in Suffern, New York ) war eine amerikanische Sozialreformerin und Pionierin der Settlement Bewegung. Seit ihrem Studium am Rockford Frauen Seminar (1877/78) war Ellen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eliza Allen Starr — (1824 1901) was an American artist, art critic, teacher, and lecturer. She was known throughout the United States for her books about Catholic art. She lectured throughout the country. [http://www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=11044 Eliza …   Wikipedia

  • Hull House — a settlement house in Chicago, Ill., founded in 1889 by Jane Addams. * * * ▪ settlement, Chicago, Illinois, United States       one of the first social settlements (social settlement) in North America. It was founded in Chicago in 1889 when Jane… …   Universalium

  • Chicago — Chicagoan, n. /shi kah goh, kaw /, n. a city in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan: second largest city in the U.S. 3,005,072. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 2,896,016), northeastern Illinois, U.S. Located on Lake Michigan and the Chicago River, Chicago… …   Universalium

  • Addams, Jane — born Sept. 6, 1860, Cedarville, Ill., U.S. died May 21, 1935, Chicago, Ill. U.S. social reformer. Addams graduated from Rockford Female Seminary in Illinois in 1881 and was granted a degree the following year when the institution became Rockford… …   Universalium

  • social service — social service, adj. organized welfare efforts carried on under professional auspices by trained personnel. [1850 55] * * * Introduction also called  welfare service,  or  social work,         any of numerous publicly or privately provided… …   Universalium

  • Hull House — For other uses, see Hull House (disambiguation). Hull House U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic …   Wikipedia

  • Jane Addams — 1914, Moffett Studio Jane Laura Addams (* 6. September 1860 in Cedarville, Stephenson County, Illinois; † 21. Mai 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) war eine US amerikanische Feministin, Soziologin und engagierte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jane Addams — Jane Addams …   Wikipedia Español

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