Spartacus League

▪ German political organization
German  Spartakusbund,  

      revolutionary socialist group active in Germany from autumn 1914 to the end of 1918. It was officially founded in 1916 by Karl Liebknecht (Liebknecht, Karl), Rosa Luxemburg (Luxemburg, Rosa), Clara Zetkin (Zetkin, Clara), and Franz Mehring (Mehring, Franz). The name derived from their illegally distributed pamphlets Spartakusbriefen (Spartacus Letters). The league developed as an offshoot of the Social Democratic Party, among elements who violently opposed Germany's role in World War I and who called for a socialist revolution.

      The Spartacus League was transformed into the Communist Party of Germany at a party congress held from Dec. 30, 1918, to Jan. 1, 1919. Meanwhile, the Spartacists had encouraged demonstrations in December that led to the abortive Spartacus Revolt in Berlin in January 1919. On January 15, Luxemburg and Liebknecht were arrested and murdered in Berlin by members of the conservative Free Corps ( Freikorps), who had seized control of the city's police presidium.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spartacus League —    Composed of left radicals in the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) during and immediately after World War I, the Spartacus League derived its name from the leader of the slave rebellion against the Romans. Its foremost members were Rosa… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Spartacus League — (Spartakusbund)    chief precursor to the KPD. On 4 August 1914 several antiwar socialists gathered to affirm both their commitment to international socialism and their opposition to the war just erupting. Centered on Rosa Luxemburg,* Karl… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Spartacus League — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Spartacus — /spahr teuh keuhs/, n. died 71 B.C., Thracian slave, gladiator, and insurrectionist. * * * died 71 BC Leader in the Gladiatorial War against Rome (73–71). A Thracian, he served in the Roman army. He became a bandit and was sold as a slave when… …   Universalium

  • league — league1 /leeg/, n., v., leagued, leaguing. n. 1. a covenant or compact made between persons, parties, states, etc., for the promotion or maintenance of common interests or for mutual assistance or service. 2. the aggregation of persons, parties,… …   Universalium

  • Spartacus (disambiguation) — Spartacus, and its derivations and translations such as Spartacist , Spartak or Espartaco may refer to: *Spartacus, the Thracian who led a slave uprising against Roman slavery *Spartacus, the name of several kings of the Cimmerian Bosporusalso,… …   Wikipedia

  • Spartacus Rugby Club — Infobox aus sport club | clubname = Spartacus Rugby fullname = Spartacus Rugby Union Football Club strip = Red and white hooped Jersey, white shorts, red socks founded = 1968 sport = Rugby Union league = Allsvenskan ground = Partille capacity =… …   Wikipedia

  • Nyíregyháza Spartacus FC — Nyíregyháza Spartacus Full name Nyíregyháza Spartacus Football Club Nickname(s) Szpari Founded 1959 …   Wikipedia

  • Nyíregyháza Spartacus — Football club infobox clubname = Nyíregyháza Spartacus nickname = Szpari fullname = Nyíregyháza Spartacus Football Club founded = 1959 ground = Városi Stadion, Nyíregyháza capacity = 13,501 | chairman = manager = Attila Révész league = Hungarian… …   Wikipedia

  • Spartacist League — The Spartacist League (Spartakusbund in German) was a left wing Marxist revolutionary movement organized in Germany during and just after the politically volatile years of World War I. The League was named after Spartacus, leader of the largest… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.