Sobibor

▪ Nazi extermination camp, Poland
Polish  Sobibór 

      Nazi (Nazi Party) German extermination camp located in a forest near the village of Sobibór in the present-day Polish province of Lublin. Built in March 1942, it operated from May 1942 until October 1943, and its gas chambers killed a total of about 250,000 Jews, mostly from Poland and occupied areas of the Soviet Union.

      Sobibor was one of the three Operation Reinhard camps established after the Wannsee Conference to exterminate the Jewish population of occupied Poland. The others were Belzec and Treblinka. The first commandant of the camp was Franz Stangl, who, like many of his staff of 30 SS (Nazi paramilitary corps) men, was a veteran of the T4 Program to murder the infirm and disabled. They were assisted by 90–120 Ukrainians, former prisoners of war trained by the Germans for their new assignments. The gas chambers' victims at Sobibor were killed with carbon monoxide.

      From May through July 1942, the Nazis transported Jews to Sobibor from Poland, Germany, Austria, and Slovakia. At one point, the deportations came to a halt to permit repairs to the railway line and expansion of the gas chambers, which doubled their capacity to about 1,200 persons. On October 14, 1943, some 300 Jewish labourers at the camp rose in revolt and killed several SS supervisors and Ukrainian guards. Many inmates were killed during the rebellion or in the attempt to escape. All who remained were executed the following day. The Nazis dismantled the installations and planted the area with trees. Only about 50 Sobibor prisoners ultimately survived the war.

Michael Berenbaum
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sobibór — Sobibor Sobibór le mémorial Sobibór, de son nom allemand officiel SS Sonderkommando Sobibor, était un camp d extermination nazi situé dans l actuelle Pologne du sud est. Il était situé dans la voïvodie de Lublin, district de Włodowa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sobibór — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sobibor — Sobibór Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOBIBOR — (Sobibór), one of the six Nazi death camps situated in German occupied Poland, three miles west of the Bug River and five miles south of Wlodawa in the General Gouvernment. It was situated in a wooded area near a small village by the same name in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sobibór —   [sɔ bibur], Dorf in Polen, in der Woiwodschaft Cholm, am Bug, der hier die Grenze zur Ukraine bildet. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg bestand hier das nationalsozialistische Vernichtungslager Sobibór, in dem ab Mai 1942 um 250 000 Personen, v. a. Juden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sobibor —    The Aktion Reinhard death camp was located near the village and railway station of Sobibor in the eastern section of the Lublin district in Poland. The camp was constructed in March 1942 after the extermination operations had already begun in… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Sobibór — Infobox Settlement name = Sobibór settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Lublin subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sobibor — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sobibór, une ville de l est de la Pologne Camp d extermination de Sobibor, camp d extermination nazi, situé près de la ville ci dessus. Sobibor, 14… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sobibor — n. World War II Nazi death camp that was located in eastern Poland …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sobibor extermination camp — Sobibor redirects here. For the nearby town, see Sobibór. Sobibor Extermination camp Nazi extermination camps in occupied Poland (marked with black and white skulls) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.