▪ plant genus
      genus of tall perennial plants in the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 23 yellow-flowered species commonly called rosinweed, native to North America. Many species have rough leaves that may be opposite each other, alternate along the stem, or be grouped in whorls.

      The base of each oval cup-plant (Silphium perfoliatum) leaf surrounds the square stem and may hold water. Compass plant, or pilotweed (S. laciniatum), is a prairie plant with large, deeply cut, lance-shaped leaves. It may grow to 3.5 metres (about 12 feet) and has a tall flower stalk with solitary large flowers.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Silphium — (Ferula historica), den Griechen bekannt als Silphion oder Sylphion (σίλφιον), den Römern als Laserpicium und der Saft als Laser, ist eine ausgestorbene Gewürz und Allheilpflanze, die vielleicht zur Gattung der Steckenkräuter (Ferula) in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • silphium — ⇒SILPHIUM, subst. masc. I. ANTIQ. ,,Nom générique d un végétal connu dans l Antiquité, mais que les modernes n ont pas encore réussi à identifier. Il s agit probablement d une ombellifère (LAVEDAN 1964). Nous trouvons aussi une référence au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SILPHIUM — Cyrenensibus σἰρφι aut σίλφι, item σέρφι, unde Graecis σίλφιον et σίλπον, Latinis Sirpe, Silpe, et Serpe, atque porro lac serpicium, unde Laserpicium; aliquando pro succo ipso sumitur, unde σιλφιωτα, lasere inspaersa, atque haec propria notio… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Silphĭum — (S. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Compositae Senecionideae Silphieae, 19. Kl. 4. Ordn. L.; Arten: S. connatum, S. asteriscus, S. perfoliatum, S. ternatum u.a.m., mit gelben Strahlenblumen, in Nordamerika heimisch, in europäischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silphĭum — Silphĭum, bei den alten Griechen eine wohlriechende, in der nordafrikanischen Landschaft Kyrene wachsende Pflanze und eine widrig knoblauchartig riechende, im Orient, namentlich in Persien, verbreitete Pflanze. Letztere hält man allgemein für den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silphium — Silphĭum, s. Kompaßpflanzen; S. cyrenaĭcum, s. Thapsia …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • silphium — plant genus, 1771, from L., from Gk. Silphion, name of a N. African Mediterranean plant whose identity has been lost, the gum or juice of which was prized by the ancients as a condiment and a medicine. Probably of African origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • Silphium — This article covers the plant called Silphium that was used in classical antiquity; for the modern genus Silphium, see Rosinweed. Not to be confused with Silpium. Ancient silver coin from Cyrene depicting a stalk of Silphium. Silphium (also known …   Wikipedia

  • Silphium —   Silphium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Silphium — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Silphium est un genre de la famille des Asteraceae. Le silphium désignait durant l antiquité divers végétaux et produits végétaux à usages culinaire et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Silphium — noun tall North American perennial herbs • Syn: ↑genus Silphium • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Compositae, ↑family Compositae, ↑Asteraceae, ↑fam …   Useful english dictionary

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