Shull, Clifford G.

▪ American physicist
in full  Clifford Glenwood Shull  
born September 23, 1915, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died March 31, 2001, Medford, Massachusetts

      American physicist who was corecipient of the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physics for his development of neutron- scattering techniques—in particular, neutron diffraction, a process that enabled scientists to better explore the atomic structure of matter. He shared the prize with Canadian physicist Bertram N. Brockhouse (Brockhouse, Bertram N.), who conducted separate but concurrent work in the field.

      Shull was educated at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (B.S., 1937) and New York University (Ph.D., 1941) and began a career as a research physicist. His award-winning work was completed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratories in Tennessee from 1946 to 1955, under the leadership of Ernest O. Wollan, the pioneer of neutron-scattering research. In the technique of neutron diffraction, a beam of single-wavelength neutrons is passed through the material under study. Neutrons hitting atoms of the target material are scattered into a pattern that, when recorded on photographic film, yields information about the relative positions of atoms in the material. Shull was also one of the first to demonstrate magnetic diffraction, and he helped to develop instrumentation for the routine crystallographic analysis of neutrons. From 1955 until his retirement in 1986 he was a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Shull , Clifford Glenwood — (1915–) American physicist Shull, who was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was educated at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and New York University, where he obtained his PhD in 1941. He began as a research physicist working first for the… …   Scientists

  • Shull, Clifford Glenwood — ▪ 2002       American physicist (b. Sept. 23, 1915, Pittsburgh, Pa. d. March 31, 2001, Medford, Mass.), shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physics for his development of neutron scattering techniques in particular, neutron diffraction, a process… …   Universalium

  • Clifford Shull — Born September 23, 1915 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Died March 31, 2001 (aged 85) Medford, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • Clifford Glenwood Shull — (* 23. September 1915 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 31. März 2001 in Medford, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clifford G. Shull — Clifford Shull Clifford Glenwood Shull (23 septembre 1915 à Pittsburgh, – 31 mars 2001) était un physicien américain qui reçut le prix Nobel en 1994. C est au lycée à la Schenley High School que s éveilla son intérêt pour la physique, grâce à son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clifford Glenwood Shull — Clifford Shull Clifford Glenwood Shull (23 septembre 1915 à Pittsburgh, – 31 mars 2001) était un physicien américain qui reçut le prix Nobel en 1994. C est au lycée à la Schenley High School que s éveilla son intérêt pour la physique, grâce à son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shull — Clifford Glenwood …   Scientists

  • Clifford Shull — Clifford Glenwood Shull (* 23. September 1915 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 31. März 2001 in Medford, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Er wurde 1994 mit dem Nobelpreis ausgezeichnet. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clifford Shull — Clifford Glenwood Shull (23 septembre 1915 à Pittsburgh, États Unis – 31 mars 2001) était un physicien américain. Il a reçu la moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1994[1]. Biographie C est au lycée à la Schenley High School que s éveilla son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clifford — is both a given name and a surname of Old English origin that applies to a number of individuals or places. It simply means ford by a cliff .[1] Clifford was a common surname mainly in the 18th century but lost its prominence over the years.… …   Wikipedia

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